IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis

Quixplained: What are the farm bills, and why are farmers concerned?

25th September, 2020 Economy

Context: Farmers in Punjab and Haryana have been protesting against three farm reform bills — The Farmers’ Produce Trade And Commerce (Promotion And Facilitation) Bill, The Farmers (Empowerment and Protection) Agreement on Price Assurance and Farm Services Bill, and The Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill — passed by the Parliament in the recently concluded Monsoon session.

  • While farmers are protesting against all three bills, their objections are mostly against the provisions of the first.
  • And while there is no uniform demand among the protesters or a unified leadership, it emerges that their concerns are mainly about sections relating to “trade area”, “trader”, “dispute resolution” and “market fee” in the first bill.

What are the farm reform bills?

 Why the fear?

 Are farmers’ fears valid?