IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis

Global Tiger Day

30th July, 2020 Economy


  • Union Environment Minister releases detailed report of Tiger Census on the eve of Global Tiger Day.

Details of the Tiger Census:

  • Showed the population of tigers in the country had increased from 2226 in 2014 to 2967 in 2018 (an increase of 33%).
  • The census is carried out by Wildlife Institute of India (WII – funded by MoEF) and NTCA.
  • India conducts a survey of the tiger population every four years.
  • Home to 70% of world’s tigers.
  • No of tigers: Madhya Pradesh > Karnataka >Maharastra
  • Maximum number of tigers in the country is the Corbett Tiger Reserve in Uttarakhand.
  • Chhattisgarh and Mizoram saw a decline in tiger population.
  • No Tigers: Buxa, Dampa and Palamau, which are tiger reserves.


Global Tiger Day:

  • Observed on July 29th every year.
  • Celebrated for the first time in 2010 at the St. Petersburg Tiger Summit held in Russia.

Reference: https://www.timesnownews.com/mirror-now/in-focus/article/environment-minister-prakash-javadekar-releases-tiger-census-report-on-eve-of-international-tiger-day/628314#:~:text=Delhi%3A%20Union%20Environment%20Minister%20Prakash,International%20Tiger%20Day%20on%20Wednesday.&text=The%20record%20recognises%20India's%20efforts,camera%2Dtrap%20survey%20of%20wildlife.