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Context: UDAN marks its sixth anniversary, symbolizing the government's steadfast commitment to enhancing infrastructure and connectivity in remote and underserved regions, fostering inclusivity and accessibility in the country's aviation sector.
- UDAN (Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik) is a government-backed initiative launched by the Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) on October 21, 2016.
- The primary goal of UDAN is to improve air connectivity and infrastructure in remote and underserved regions of India.
Objective and Focus
- UDAN aims to enhance air travel accessibility in areas with limited or no air connectivity.
- It targets underserved airports, encouraging airlines to operate on these routes, thereby fulfilling the aspirations of common citizens who previously had limited access to air travel.
Phases of Implementation
- UDAN 1.0: 5 airlines were awarded 128 flight routes to 70 airports, including 36 newly made operational airports.
- UDAN 2.0: 73 underserved and unserved airports were announced, and helipads were connected for the first time.
- UDAN 3.0: Introduced tourism routes, seaplanes, and expanded connectivity in the North-East Region.
- UDAN 4.0: Focused on North-Eastern Regions, Hilly States, and Islands, incorporating helicopters and seaplanes.
- UDAN 5.0, 5.1, and 5.2: Further enhancements were made, including removing distance restrictions, allowing operations with small aircraft (<20 seats), and promoting helicopter routes for hilly regions.
Achievements and Impact
- Over 130 lakh passengers facilitated, indicating increased accessibility.
- New airlines like FlyBig, Star Air, and IndiaOne Air have thrived, contributing to the industry's growth.
- Demand for various aircraft types surged, with orders exceeding 1,000 for the coming years.
- Connected culturally and historically significant places, boosting the tourism sector and local economies.
- Created jobs within the aviation sector and stimulated economic activities in underserved regions.
- The Minister of Civil Aviation expressed gratitude for stakeholders' dedication and reiterated the government's commitment to democratizing the aviation sector, ensuring accessible air travel for all, and fostering a more connected, prosperous, and inclusive India.
- UDAN has been a pivotal initiative in transforming India's aviation landscape, enhancing accessibility, promoting tourism, creating jobs, and contributing significantly to the economic development of remote and underserved regions.
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Q. What is the objective of the UDAN (Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik) scheme, and how has it impacted the aviation sector in India?