IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


27th October, 2023 Polity

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Picture Courtesy: PIB

Context: UDAN marks its sixth anniversary, symbolizing the government's steadfast commitment to enhancing infrastructure and connectivity in remote and underserved regions, fostering inclusivity and accessibility in the country's aviation sector.


  • UDAN (Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik) is a government-backed initiative launched by the Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) on October 21, 2016.
  • The primary goal of UDAN is to improve air connectivity and infrastructure in remote and underserved regions of India.

Objective and Focus

  • UDAN aims to enhance air travel accessibility in areas with limited or no air connectivity.
  • It targets underserved airports, encouraging airlines to operate on these routes, thereby fulfilling the aspirations of common citizens who previously had limited access to air travel.

Phases of Implementation

  • UDAN 1.0: 5 airlines were awarded 128 flight routes to 70 airports, including 36 newly made operational airports.
  • UDAN 2.0: 73 underserved and unserved airports were announced, and helipads were connected for the first time.
  • UDAN 3.0: Introduced tourism routes, seaplanes, and expanded connectivity in the North-East Region.
  • UDAN 4.0: Focused on North-Eastern Regions, Hilly States, and Islands, incorporating helicopters and seaplanes.
  • UDAN 5.0, 5.1, and 5.2: Further enhancements were made, including removing distance restrictions, allowing operations with small aircraft (<20 seats), and promoting helicopter routes for hilly regions.

Achievements and Impact

  • Over 130 lakh passengers facilitated, indicating increased accessibility.
  • New airlines like FlyBig, Star Air, and IndiaOne Air have thrived, contributing to the industry's growth.
  • Demand for various aircraft types surged, with orders exceeding 1,000 for the coming years.
  • Connected culturally and historically significant places, boosting the tourism sector and local economies.
  • Created jobs within the aviation sector and stimulated economic activities in underserved regions.

Government's Commitment

  • The Minister of Civil Aviation expressed gratitude for stakeholders' dedication and reiterated the government's commitment to democratizing the aviation sector, ensuring accessible air travel for all, and fostering a more connected, prosperous, and inclusive India.


  • UDAN has been a pivotal initiative in transforming India's aviation landscape, enhancing accessibility, promoting tourism, creating jobs, and contributing significantly to the economic development of remote and underserved regions.

Must Read Articles:

UDAN: https://www.iasgyan.in/daily-current-affairs/udan-25


Q. What is the objective of the UDAN (Ude Desh Ka Aam Nagrik) scheme, and how has it impacted the aviation sector in India?