STATE DISASTER RESPONSE FUND
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The release of funds under the State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF) by the Home Ministry.
- Home Minister Amit Shah approves release of funds to 19 State governments.
- The funds will aid relief measures during the current Monsoon season.
Funds Allocation for 2022-23
- Chhattisgarh, Meghalaya, Telangana, and Uttar Pradesh to receive a total of ₹1,209 crore.
- Aimed at assisting these states in undertaking relief measures.
Funds Allocation for 2023-24
- Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Goa, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Odisha, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, and Tripura will receive a total of ₹4,984 crore.
- Intended to support relief measures during the specified year.
Funds Approved for Current Financial Year
- The Central Government has already approved over ₹3,600 crore for nine states.
- Allocated to aid relief measures during the ongoing financial year.
Allocation Based on 15th Finance Commission Recommendations
- The Central Government has allocated over ₹1,28,000 crore for SDRF.
- Allocation covers the period from 2021-22 to 2025-26.
About State Disaster Response Fund
- The State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF) is a fund established by the Indian government to assist states in managing and responding to various types of disasters.
- The SDRF aims to provide financial support for relief, response, and mitigation activities during natural or man-made disasters.
Purpose of SDRF
- The primary purpose of the SDRF is to support states in undertaking immediate relief measures in the wake of a disaster.
- The fund also helps in the capacity building of states to handle disasters effectively and efficiently.
- SDRF assists in providing timely financial assistance for rescue operations, relief distribution, medical care, and other emergency measures.
- The SDRF is funded through a combination of contributions from the central government and state governments.
- The central government allocates funds to each state based on the recommendations of the Finance Commission.
- The allocation is generally made on an annual basis and is subject to changes as per the government's decision.
Utilization of SDRF
- The SDRF can be utilized by states for various disaster-related activities, including but not limited to:
- a) Rescue and relief operations during natural disasters like floods, cyclones, earthquakes, etc.
- b) Emergency medical care and provision of essential supplies to affected populations.
- c) Restoration and repair of damaged infrastructure, including roads, bridges, and buildings.
- d) Rehabilitation and reconstruction activities post-disaster.
- e) Support for the functioning of state-level emergency response agencies.
- f) Capacity building and training programs for disaster management personnel.
Guidelines and Monitoring
- The utilization of SDRF funds is governed by specific guidelines issued by the central government.
- States are required to adhere to these guidelines and provide regular reports on fund utilization and progress of relief activities.
- The central government monitors the utilization of funds and provides necessary support and guidance to states when needed.
Periodic Review and Future Allocations
- The Finance Commission periodically reviews the allocation of funds to the SDRF based on the evolving needs and requirements.
- The allocation for the SDRF is generally made for a specific time period, covering multiple years to ensure continuity of funding for disaster response and mitigation efforts.
About National Disaster Response Fund
- The National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF) is a dedicated fund established by the Indian government to finance relief and rehabilitation efforts during major disasters.
- The NDRF aims to provide timely and effective financial assistance to states and union territories in the event of severe calamities.
Creation and Management
- The NDRF was created in accordance with the Disaster Management Act, 2005.
- It is managed by the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA), which is responsible for overall policy, planning, and coordination of disaster management in the country.
- The NDRF is primarily funded by budgetary allocations from the central government.
- Additional sources of funding include voluntary contributions from individuals, organizations, and contributions from other countries or international organizations during exceptional circumstances.
Objective and Utilization of Funds
- The primary objective of the NDRF is to supplement the funds available with states and union territories to respond effectively to disasters.
- The funds from the NDRF are utilized for various purposes, including:
- a) Emergency response activities such as search and rescue operations, evacuation, and medical aid.
- b) Provision of immediate relief assistance to affected individuals and communities, including food, shelter, and medical support.
- c) Restoration and reconstruction of public infrastructure, including roads, bridges, schools, hospitals, etc.
- d) Capacity building initiatives to enhance disaster preparedness, response, and mitigation efforts.
Release of Funds
- The release of funds from the NDRF is based on the recommendation of the NDMA.
- Funds are allocated to states and union territories based on the severity and extent of the disaster, as assessed by the NDMA.
- The release of funds is subject to the approval of the Union Home Minister.
Monitoring and Accountability
- The utilization of funds from the NDRF is monitored by the NDMA and other designated authorities.
- States and union territories are required to submit utilization certificates and reports on the expenditure and progress of relief and rehabilitation activities.
- Audits and inspections may be conducted to ensure transparency, accountability, and proper utilization of funds.
- In exceptional cases of severe disasters, the central government may declare a particular event as a "disaster of severe nature" and provide additional financial support from the NDRF.
- This declaration enables the central government to mobilize additional resources and support for the affected areas.
Long-term Planning and Preparedness
- The NDRF also supports the development and implementation of long-term disaster management plans and initiatives.
- This includes measures such as risk assessment, hazard mapping, public awareness campaigns, and training programs.
Q) Consider the following statements:
2. The NDRF primarily relies on voluntary contributions from individuals and organizations for its funding.
Select the correct statements using the codes below:
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2