Daily News Analysis

NATIONAL DISASTER RESPONSE FORCE

19th July, 2021 Polity

Context

  • Rain triggers mayhem in Mumbai , NDRF initiates rescue operations.

Evolution of Disaster Management in India

  • The mid nineties and the subsequent decade saw much international debate & discussion around Disaster Response & Preparedness.
  • Some of the notable and more impactful ones were the Yokohama Strategy Plan(1994) & the Hyogo Framework for Action (2005), adopted by the UN.
  • During the same period India faced some of its most severe natural calamities like Orissa Super Cyclone (1999), Gujarat Earthquake (2001) and Indian Ocean Tsunami (2004).
  • This succession of events and the International environment brought to fore the need for a comprehensive disaster management plan.
  • This led to the enactment of the Disaster Management Act in 2005.
  • The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) was constituted to lay down the policies, plans and guidelines for disaster management.

About the National Disaster Response Force

  • The Disaster Management Act has statutory provisions for the constitution of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) for the purpose of specialized response to natural and man-made disasters.
  • Accordingly, in 2006 NDRF was constituted with 8 Battalions.
  • At present, NDRF has a strength of 12 Battalions with each Battalion consisting of 1149 personnel.
  • NDRF is a distinguished, unique Force across the country functioning under the Ministry of Home A airs, Government of India, within the overall command, control and leadership of the Director General, NDRF.

Major Rescue operations

  • In September 2014, the Jammu and Kashmir region suered disastrous floods across many of its districts caused by torrential rainfall.
  • This was the first-ever experience for NDRF to handle urban flooding on such a massive scale.
  • When cyclone Hud-hud pounded the eastern Indian coast in October 2014, NDRF personnel were present there to save lives of the a ected people.
  • When on 25 April 2015, an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.8 and a depth of 15 km struck Nepal, India’s National Disaster Response Force made the headlines by capitalizing the golden hours’ rule of disaster management by being the first on the ground.
  • In later part of 2015, NDRF created a milestone in one of the marathon rescue operations of its kind in Bilaspur tunnel accident in Himachal Pradesh
  • Besides the professionalism shown during rescue operations in floods and cyclones and collapsed structure search and rescue (CSSR) operations.
  • NDRF has also acquired considerable expertise in facing CBRN (Chemical,Biological, Radiological & Nuclear) challenges. .
  • The creditable task of NDRF in retrieving Cobalt-60 radiological material atMayapuri, Delhi.