Justice N.V. Ramana set to take over as 48th CJI
Context: Chief Justice of India (CJI) Sharad A. Bobde has recommended Justice N.V. Ramana, the senior-most judge of the Supreme Court, as the next top judge.
- Justice Ramana is now set to take over as the 48th Chief Justice of India from April 24.
- Chief Justice Bobde handed over a copy of his letter of recommendation to Justice Ramana on Wednesday after sending it to the government.
- The Centre had recently asked Chief Justice Bobde, who is retiring on April 23, to initiate the transition process to the top judicial office.
- The chief justice of India is the chief judge of the Supreme Court of India as well as the highest-ranking officer of the Indian federal judiciary.
- Article 145 of the Constitution of India and the Supreme Court Rules of Procedure of 1966: The chief justice allocates all work to the other judges who are bound to refer the matter back to him or her in any case where they require it to be looked into by a larger bench of more judges.
- Appointment: The chief justice of India is appointed by the President of India on the basis of nomination by other judges of supreme-court.
- Removal [Article 124(4)]: A Judge of the Supreme Court shall not be removed from his office except by an order of the President passed after an address by each House of Parliament supported by a majority of the total membership of that House and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members of that House present and voting has been presented to the President in the same session for such removal on the ground of proved misbehaviour or incapacity.