RAJAJI NATIONAL PARK
22nd May, 2023 Environment
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- Union Minister Bhupendra Yadav and Uttarakhand Chief Minister Pushkar Singh Dhami released a tigress brought from the forest area of Corbett Tiger Reserve in the Motichur forest area of Rajaji Tiger Reserve.
About Rajaji National Park
- It is an Indian national park and tiger reserve that encompasses the Shivaliks, near the foothills of the Himalayas.
- It is spread over 820 km2 and includes three districts of Uttarakhand: Haridwar, Dehradun and Pauri Garhwal.
- In 1983, three wildlife sanctuaries in the area namely, Chilla, Motichur and Rajaji were merged into one.
- Rajaji National Park has been named after C. Rajagopalachari (Rajaji), a prominent leader of the Freedom Struggle, the second and last Governor-General of independent India and one of the first recipients of India's highest civilian award Bharat Ratna (in 1954).
- The park is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, including over 300 species of birds, 50 species of mammals, and numerous species of reptiles, amphibians, and fish.
- Some of the more notable animals that can be found in the park include tigers, leopards, elephants, sloth bears, and Indian gaur (a type of bison).
- The park is most renowned for its elephants.
Tiger reserve status
- Final approval was accorded to Kudremukh (Karnataka) and Rajaji (Uttarakhand) for declaring as a tiger reserve on 15 April 2015.
- Rajaji became the second tiger reserve in Uttarakhand.
- Rajaji National Park of India is nestled between the Shivalik ranges and the Indo-Gangetic plains.
- Broadleaved deciduous forests, riverine vegetation, scrubland, grasslands and pine forests form the range of flora in this park.
- The under-wood is light and often absent.
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Q) Which of the following statements with reference to Rajaji National Park is/are correct?
1. It is nestled between the Shivalik ranges and the Indo-Gangetic plains.
2. The park is most renowned for its elephants.
Correct Answer: 3