IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


21st February, 2023 Environment

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Context:  The arrival of migratory birds this year to Harike, northern India's largest wetland, declined 12% from 2021, according to the latest census of these water birds.


  • The Forest and Wildlife Preservation department census counted 65,624 birds from 85 species at Harike.

Harike wetland:

  • The Harike wetland, one of the largest in northern India, is situated in Tarn Taran district of the Punjab state in India.
  • It stands on the confluence of the Beas and the Sutlej.
  • It is home to birds visiting from as far as the Arctic and Siberia.
  • It is one of the Ramasar sites in India, for conservation, development and preservation of the ecosystem.
  • It is a man-made, riverine, lacustrine wetland.
  • The wetland was declared a bird sanctuary in 1982 and named as Harike Pattan Bird Sanctuary.