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Daily News Analysis

Earth records hottest day ever

6th July, 2023 Environment

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  • In more than 125,000 years, the 4th of july 2023 was recorded the hottest day on Planet.
  • As per University of Maine’s Climate Change Institute and US National Centers for Environmental Prediction, the global temperature on 4th July was 18 degrees Celsius (62.92 degrees Fahrenheit).

Other Details

  • Earlier, a day before on 3rd July, temperature of planet touched a record of 17.01 degrees Celsius (which is 62.62 degrees Fahrenheit).
  • It includes both land and ocean; Poles and icesheets.
  • The regions from the US south and the north of Africa to China and Antarctica saw occurrence of heat wave.
  • In June there are reports of 13 deaths in Texas due to the effect of the heat.

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Methods to estimate average temperature

  • Modeling system is used to estimate temperature however it began in the year 1979.
  • Scientists use instrument-based global temperature records, tree rings and ice cores to estimate average temperatures of earlier year which can be tens of thousands of years back.

Average temperature around Globe

  • Over Oceans: around 21 degree Celsius.
  • Antarctic Ice Sheet: -50 degree Celsius is common.
  • There are places in deserts which experiences: 40- 50 degree Celsius

Impact of rising temperature

  • Ocean Acidification
  • Extreme climatic events like floods, droughts, forest fires etc.
  • On 4th of July in USA 57 million people were exposed to dangerous heat.
  • A risk to increase in the frequency of Heat waves.
  • Risk to livelihood and food security.
  • Habitation loss especially in coastal areas.
  • It accelerates melting of glacier and water level of ocean rises.

Possible reason(s) behind the hottest day

  • Human-induced, for eg burning of fossil fuels, climate change.
  • Rising temperatures due to other anthropogenic activities.
  • Strengthening El Niño weather pattern

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Recorded warmest years of planet:






Global warming


El Nino

  • El Niño is a weather phenomenon which generally occurs every two to seven years.
  • When there is change in wind patterns in the Pacific Ocean – weakening of trade winds.
  • This change leads to warm ocean temperatures in the Equatorial Pacific ocean.
  • This resulted in flooding in Peru and drought in Indonesia and Australia.
  • It is expected to increase global temperatures for the next nine to 12 months as per a report by World Meteorological Organization.


The hottest day in last 1,25,000 years on earth is recorded on 4th July 2023. Discuss the implications of this. Also elaborate on the possible causes for rising temperature to this level. (150 words)