IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


22nd August, 2023 Environment

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  • The Indira Gandhi Memorial Tulip Garden in Srinagar has entered the World Book of Records (London) as Asia's largest such park.
  • The garden is adorned with 1.5 million tulip bulbs from an ensemble of 68 distinct varieties


Historical Background

  • The Tulip Garden was inaugurated in 2007 by then-Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, Ghulam Nabi Azad.
  • The garden is strategically situated on the foothills of the Zabarwan Range, overlooking the famous Dal Lake.

Features and Design

  • The garden spans over an area of approximately 30 hectares, making it the largest tulip gardens in Asia.
  • The garden is carefully landscaped to accommodate the sprawling beds of tulips in various colors.

Tulip Varieties

  • The Tulip Garden boasts a stunning collection of around 1.5 million tulip bulbs of numerous varieties and shades.
  • Visitors can witness a colorful tapestry of tulips, ranging from vibrant reds and pinks to soft purples, yellows, and whites.

Season of Bloom

  • The Tulip Garden blooms during the spring season, typically in March and April.
  • The blossoming of tulips coincides with the arrival of spring, turning the garden into a riot of colors after the winter months.

About Tulips

  • Tulips (Tulipa) are iconic and beloved spring-blooming flowers known for their striking beauty, vibrant colors, and cultural significance.
  • Originating from Central Asia, tulips have captivated the world with their elegance and have become synonymous with the arrival of spring.

Historical Significance

  • Tulips have their roots in the rugged mountains and steppes of Central Asia.
  • Tulips were introduced to Europe in the 16th century through the Ottoman Empire.
  • They quickly gained popularity and became a symbol of wealth and luxury.

Varieties and Characteristics

  • The tulip genus comprises over 75 wild species and thousands of cultivated varieties.
  • Varieties differ in terms of color, shape, size, and blooming time.
  • Tulips are available in a spectrum of colors, ranging from bold reds, yellows, and oranges to delicate pinks, purples, and whites.
  • Some tulips even display intricate multicolored patterns on their petals.

Cultural and Symbolic Significance

  • Tulips are often associated with love, passion, and romance.
  • Red tulips, in particular, convey deep affection and love between individuals.
  • They are often used as decorative elements in various events and celebrations.

Tulip Mania

  • In the 17th century, tulips experienced a period of economic speculation known as "Tulip Mania."
  • Tulip bulbs were traded at exorbitant prices, reaching the point of creating a financial bubble that eventually burst.
  • While the Tulip Mania resulted in financial losses for some, it also spurred the development of tulip breeding and horticulture.

Cultivation and Care

  • Tulips are typically planted in the fall before the ground freezes.
  • They require well-draining soil and ample sunlight for optimal growth.
  • Regular watering and proper fertilization contribute to healthy growth and vibrant blooms.
  • After blooming, allowing the foliage to wither naturally helps store energy for the next growing season.

Global Celebrations

  • Keukenhof Gardens in the Netherlands is renowned for its annual tulip display.


The Tulip Garden in Srinagar is a testament to the natural beauty of the region and the artistic brilliance of its design. With its vast collection of tulips in diverse colors, symmetrical patterns, and panoramic views, this garden has become a cherished destination for those seeking a vibrant and enchanting experience amidst the serene surroundings of Srinagar.


Q. Consider the following statements in relation to tulips:

1.Tulips are native to Central Asia.

2.Tulips are only available in shades of red and yellow.

3.The Tulip Mania in the 17th century was an economic period of high demand for tulip bulbs.

4.Tulips are primarily known for their fragrance.

How many of the statements given above are correct?

A) Only 1

B) Only 2

C) Only 3

D) All 4

Answer: C)