IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


9th March, 2023 Environment

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Context: A faunal survey conducted in the Parambikulam Tiger Reserve spread across Palakkad and Thrissur has recorded over 500 species, many of which were hitherto unseen in the protected area.


  • Parambikulam Tiger Reserve, which also includes the erstwhile Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, is a 66 square kilometres protected area lying in Palakkad district and Thrissur district of Kerala state, South India.
  • The Wildlife Sanctuary, which had an area of 285 square kilometres was established in part in 1973 and 1984.
  • It is in the Sungam range of hills between the Anaimalai Hills and Nelliampathy Hills
  • Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary was declared as part of the Parambikulam Tiger Reserve in 2010.
  • The Western Ghats, Anamalai Sub-Cluster, including all of Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary, has been declared by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee as a World Heritage Site.
  • The Tiger Reserve is the home of four different tribes of indigenous peoples including the Kadar, Malasar, Muduvar and Mala Malasar settled in six colonies.
  • Parambikulam Tiger Reserve is among the top-ten best managed Tiger Reserve in India.

Must read: https://www.iasgyan.in/daily-current-affairs/tiger-reserves-in-india


Q) Which of the following statements is/are correct with reference to Parambikulam Tiger Reserve?

a.    It is situated in Karnataka.

b.    The Tiger Reserve is the home of four different tribes of Kadar, Malasar, Muduvar and Mala Malasar.

  1. Only a
  2. Only b
  3. Both a and b
  4. Neither a nor b

Answer: Option 2