IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis

Just Energy Transition Partnership deal

1st July, 2023 Environment

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  • Senegal signed the Just Energy Transition Partnership deal, announced on June 22, 2023, after South Africa, Indonesia & Vietnam to fasten the process of providing electricity access to all its citizens by 2025.
  • This deal will help in increasing the share of renewable energy installed capacity to 40% and 2.5 billion euros will be mobilized for country to achieve this target.

Other Details

  • Senegal became the fourth country to sign the deal promoted by International Partners Group.
  • International Partners Group comprises of France, Germany, the European Union, the United Kingdom and Canada.
  • This financing will extend over an initial period of 3-5 years and will be provided by international partners and multilateral development banks.

Just Energy Transition Partnership (JET-P) deal

  • It is a type of innovative funding models by developed countries in the direction of generation of energy through clean and renewable sources.
  • The first Just Energy Transition Partnership was announced at COP 26 Glasgow in November 2021.
  • The mechanism will help developing countries in achieving their targets related to energy security and access, climate change mitigation.
  • It helps in decarbonisation of the emerging economies of a country that are heavily coal-dependent.

Significance of the Deal

  • It will provide various opportunities for investment from the private sector, sovereign wealth funds and philanthropic foundations.
  • Development of renewable energy will be in a quick and efficient manner.
  • It will help Senegal in shaping and publishing a long-term vision for greenhouse gas emission strategy before COP28.
  • Its nationally determined contributions will reflect the new climate ambitions hence positively contributing towards environment.

Current situation and targets of Senegal

  • Until 2010, Heavy Fuel Oil was the main source of electricity. Its contribution was as high as 85% to the total electricity generation.
  • In later years, 2014-17, oil and gas reserves were discovered and country has seen a shift to gas-to-power strategy in 2018.
  • In 2015, targets of 20 per cent renewable energy in the electricity mix by 2020 and 23 per cent in 2030 were set.
  • Also in 2015, a new target was set which was - 30 % of photovoltaic and wind in the electricity generation mix by 2025.
  • By 2020-21 total installed capacity in Senegal was 2 to 1.5 gigawatts.
  • Currently In the total installed capacity of Senegal, renewable energy contribution is around 31%.
  • Also only 20 % of the total electricity is generated by using renewable sources thus Senegal relies heavily on imported fossil fuels.
  • However it is to be notes that Senegal emits less than 0.03 % of the global CO2 emissions, 13.6 million tonnes of CO2.

Europe’s Vested Interests

  • Germany supported export of gas and other LNG sources from Senegal to Europe, Subsequently a Germany-Senegal gas plan came up in 2022.
  • For exporting gas Infrastructure is already in place and more is being developed.
  • Greater Tortue Ahmeyim field for instance will start exporting by end on 2023.
  • However organizations like African civil society are opposing the exploitation of Africa’s natural resources by Global North and criticising its energy policies.

Energy Challenges and concerns of Senegal

  • Providing energy access to its 16.8 million populations by 2025.
  • Around 30 per cent of population, especially in rural areas, is lacking access to electricity.
  • Most used fuel sources are firewood and charcoal for cooking which are not good for health and environment.
  • In the new deal there is no emphasis on grants and concessional loans for the required energy transition.
  • As per Beyond Climate Finance report, annual debt burden of Senegal is far more than the cost of achieving its climate goal. Hence a concern of affordability of this electricity rises.

India and JET-P deal

  • India has not signed the deal
  • There is a possibility of India signing a similar JET-P deal but no final decision is made due to various concerns.
  • Major concerns are –
    • Consent of stakeholders is challenging as they are diverse, large and there are complex ownership of the Indian power sector.
    • Nature of Finance – as evident from the experiences of other countries like South Africa, it is mostly in the form of loans which creates a financial burden.
    • India’s energy security and development objectives are not properly considered in such deals.


Just Energy Transition Partnership deal is a much needed initiative for a clean energy transition however it poses a serious concern for the developmental objectives and the healthy growth of economies of developing countries. Examine. (250 words)