GST COLLECTION SURGE
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Context: The total GST collection reached Rs 1,72,003 crore in October, marking a substantial 13.4% year-on-year increase and the second-highest collection level since the introduction of the GST regime in July 2017.
Monthly Averages Comparison
- The average monthly GST collection for the period between April and October 2023 was Rs 1.66 lakh crore. This is a significant 11.4% increase compared to the average monthly collection of Rs 1.49 lakh crore during the same period in 2022. This indicates sustained growth in GST revenue.
Breakdown of GST Components
- Central GST (CGST): CGST is the tax levied on intra-state supplies of goods and services by the central government. In October, CGST collection reached Rs 30,062 crore.
- State GST (SGST): SGST represents the tax levied on intra-state supplies of goods and services by the states. SGST collection in October was Rs 38,171 crore.
- Integrated GST (IGST): IGST is the tax levied on all inter-state supplies of goods and services, including Rs 42,127 crore collected on the import of goods. In October, the IGST collection was Rs 91,315 crore.
- Cess: This component includes Rs 1,294 crore collected on the import of goods, and the total cess collection in October was Rs 12,456 crore.
Increase in Domestic Transactions
- The Finance Ministry reported that revenues from domestic transactions, including the import of services, increased by 13% compared to the same month in the previous year. This suggests a growing level of economic activity within the country.
- GST revenues increased across various states and union territories in October. At least 25 of them recorded a growth rate higher than 10%.
- States with high SGST shares, such as Maharashtra, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu, saw impressive growth rates of 14%, 12%, 10%, and 9%, respectively.
- States facing specific challenges, like strife-torn Manipur, recorded a 19% decline, while Himachal Pradesh, affected by floods and landslides, contracted by 2%.
Settlement of Disputes
- A significant factor contributing to the surge in GST revenue is the settlement of disputes by businesses. GST authorities had issued notices for the recovery of non-payment of tax, underpayment, or wrongful availing of input tax credit. In response, businesses made payments to settle these disputes, which contributed to the increase in revenue.
Government Fiscal Support
- The increased GST revenue provides significant support to the government's fiscal position. This is particularly important because the government may be facing challenges in meeting its disinvestment receipts and direct tax revenue growth targets.
- The stable revenue collection and growth rate are expected to help meet fiscal targets and support government finances.
- With the stable collection and enhanced compliance, experts suggest that the government may consider rate rationalization as the next measure under the GST regime. This could involve adjusting tax rates to better suit economic conditions and revenue collection goals.
Upcoming Festive Season
- The festive season is expected to further boost consumption and GST revenues in the coming months. The increased economic activity and consumer spending during festivals can contribute to higher revenue collections.
- The surge in GST revenue collections reflects a positive trend in economic activity and consumption. Factors contributing to this surge include the settlement of disputes by businesses, enhanced compliance, and economic growth. This increased revenue is expected to provide crucial fiscal support to the government, especially given challenges in other revenue streams. With stable collection, the government can consider rate rationalization and continue to use GST as a key tool in managing indirect tax collection.
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Q. What are the key challenges and benefits of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) implementation in India, and how has it influenced the country's taxation system and overall economic landscape?