Craftsmen Training Scheme (CTS) 2020-2021
GS PAPER II: Welfare Schemes for Vulnerable Sections of the population by the Centre and States and the Performance of these Schemes; Mechanisms, Laws, Institutions and Bodies constituted for the Protection and Betterment of these Vulnerable Sections.
Context: The Directorate General of Training (DGT), under the aegis of Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship Announces Results of All India Trade Test for Craftsmen Training Scheme (CTS) 2020-2021.
Craftsmen Training Scheme (CTS)
- It was introduced by the Government of India in year 1950 to ensure a steady flow of skilled workers in different trades for the domestic industry, to raise quantitatively and qualitatively the industrial production by systematic training, to reduce unemployment among the educated youth by providing them employable skills, to cultivate and nurture a technical and industrial attitude in the minds of younger generation.
- The Scheme is the most important in the field of Vocational Training, has been shaping craftsmen to meet the existing as well as future manpower need.
- The day-to-day administration of ITIs under the Craftsmen Training Scheme was transferred to the State Governments/ Union Territory administrations with effect from the year 1956.
- It is a concurrent subject of both Central and State Governments.
- The development of training schemes at National level, the evolution of policy, laying of training standard, norms, conducting of examinations, certification, etc. are the responsibilities of the central government, whereas, day to day administration including an admission in ITIs rests with the respective State Governments / UTs.