IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


30th August, 2023 Environment

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  • Insufficient progress in achieving global commitments to limit global warming exposes children to hazards like rising temperatures.
  • The impact of climate change on children's rights is a growing concern that the United Nations (UN) has recently addressed through a new guidance document 


  • This guidance, formally known as General Comment No. 26, outlines the obligations that member states have to protect children's rights in the face of environmental degradation and climate change.

Climate Change and Children's Rights

  • Climate change is not just an environmental crisis but also a human rights crisis, with children being the most vulnerable.
  • Recent extreme weather events, such as heatwaves, floods, and wildfires, have directly impacted children's lives and well-being.

UN Convention on the Rights of the Child

  • The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child is an international agreement that addresses a wide range of human rights related to children's health, education, development, and living standards.
  • General Comment No. 26 provides authoritative guidance to the governments of the 196 countries that have ratified the convention.

Key Points from the General Comment

Best Interests of the Child: The best interests of the child should be a primary consideration in the adoption and implementation of environmental decisions affecting children. This includes considering the unique vulnerabilities children face in environmental contexts.

Protecting Indigenous Children: Indigenous children and their communities are particularly vulnerable to climate change. States are obligated to ensure the right to life, survival, and development of Indigenous children. Engagement with Indigenous communities and their knowledge is essential for climate change response.

Business Sector Accountability: Governments should require businesses to conduct "due diligence" to assess how their actions might affect climate and children's rights. Governments are expected to ensure businesses operate at environmental standards aimed at protecting children's rights from climate-related harm.

Responsibility for Rapid Emissions Reductions: Nations are urged to rapidly and effectively reduce carbon emissions to support children's rights and avoid irreversible damage to nature. Carbon emission reductions can prevent child deaths due to heat and other climate-related impacts.

Adaptation and Displacement: Adaptation frameworks should address climate change-induced migration and displacement, considering children's rights in the process.

Children's Role and Input

  • The guidance document was developed following consultations with more than 7,000 children from 103 countries, along with governments and experts.
  • Children are recognized as agents in their own lives and have the right to participate in the creation of environmental policies that affect them.

Global Action and Future Considerations

  • The guidance pushes the interpretation of the convention to emphasize children's rights to a clean, healthy, and sustainable environment.
  • The UN committee's emphasis on governments' responsibilities is seen as an important step toward addressing the impact of climate change on children.


In conclusion, the UN's General Comment No. 26 marks a significant recognition of the impact of climate change on children's rights and outlines the obligations that member states have to protect and uphold those rights. The guidance emphasizes the importance of considering children's best interests, protecting Indigenous communities, and ensuring accountability in the business sector. This recognition aims to ensure a healthier and more sustainable world for current and future generations.


Q. UN's General Comment No. 26 marks a significant recognition of the impact of climate change on children's rights. Discuss.  (150 Words)