IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


17th October, 2023 Geography

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  • Hundreds of tonnes of aid from several countries have been waiting in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula for days pending a deal for its safe delivery to Gaza and the evacuation of some foreign passport holders through the Rafah crossing.

About Sinai Peninsula

  • It is a triangle-shaped peninsula in Egypt's northeastern desert.
  • It connects Asia and Africa via a land bridge.
  • 61,000 square kilometers (23,500 square miles).
  • It is Egypt's sovereign territory.
  • Boundaries: The Mediterranean Sea borders the peninsula to the north, and Israel and the Gaza Strip border it to the east.
  • The Suez Canal, which connects the African and Mediterranean halves of Egypt, is located to the west of the Sinai Peninsula.
  • The Sinai Peninsula is bounded to the southwest by the Gulf of Suez and to the south by the Red Sea.
  • In the southeast, the Gulf of Aqaba borders Sinai.
  • Egypt shares maritime borders with Jordan and Saudi Arabia in the Sinai.

History of Sinai Peninsula

  • Egypt, including the Sinai Peninsula, became a member of the British Empire in the late nineteenth century.
  • Egypt was ruled by the British until 1922, when it gained independence.
  • During the Six-Day War in June 1967, Israeli forces conquered the peninsula.
  • It was returned to Egypt in 1982 following the provisions of the 1979 peace deal between the two countries.
  • It has a diversified landscape that includes mountain ranges, deserts, plateaus, and coastal regions.
  • The Sinai is lightly inhabited; approximately 600,000 people reside there.
  • Today, most Sinai residents are Arab Egyptians and Bedouins.


Q. Consider the following statements in relation to the Sinai Peninsula.

  1. It is situated between Egypt's Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Red Sea to the south.
  2. It serves as a land bridge connecting Asia and Africa.
  3. Its land borders are The Suez Canal to the northwest and the Israel border to the northeast.
  4. Since the Armistice Agreement of 1956, it has been under Israeli sovereignty.

Which of the following assertions is/are correct?

  1. A) only 1 and 2
  2. B) only 1 and 3
  3. C) only 1 and 4
  4. D) only 1 and 2

Answer: B