IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


21st July, 2023 Geography

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Overview of the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana


  • PMKSY launched in 2015-16 to enhance physical access of water on farms and expand cultivable areas under assured irrigation.
  • Aims to improve on-farm water use efficiency and introduce sustainable water conservation practices.

Components of PMKSY

  • PMKSY is an umbrella scheme consisting of two major components:
    1. Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP)
    2. Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP)
  • HKKP further divided into four sub-components:
    1. Command Area Development & Water Management (CAD&WM)
    2. Surface Minor Irrigation (SMI)
    3. Repair, Renovation, and Restoration (RRR) of Water Bodies
    4. Ground Water (GW) Development (approval till 2021-2022 only, ongoing works after that)

Changes and Expansion

  • In 2016, CAD&WM sub-component of HKKP were taken up for pari passu implementation with AIBP.
  • Watershed Development component (WDC) and Per Drop More Crop (PDMC) were also part of PMKSY during 2016-2021, now implemented separately.

Progress and Targets

  • Annexure-I provides details of physical and financial progress made under PMKSY in the last three years, State-wise.
  • For 2021-2026, PMKSY-HKKP aims to create 4.5 lakh hectares of irrigation potential through SMI and RRR of water bodies.
  • Ground water component targets completion of ongoing projects with irrigation potential of 82,290 hectare.
  • CAD&WM component targets completion of 85 ongoing projects with coverage of cultivable command area of 30.23 lakh hectare.

 Monitoring and Quality Control

  • State Governments are mandated to monitor and ensure quality control of irrigation projects implemented with PMKSY funding.
  • Projects are regularly monitored by technical arms of the Ministry of Jal Shakti.
  • Dedicated Project Management Unit (PMU) under the Ministry monitors physical and financial progress through a dedicated dashboard and MIS.

Evaluation and Review

  • Third-party evaluation of completed projects undertaken by the Ministry on a sample basis.
  • Progress of projects monitored at the Ministry of Jal Shakti level and other government agencies maintaining MIS and dashboard.


Q) Consider the following statements:

  1. The Watershed Development component of PMKSY is implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
  2.  PMKSY consists of three major components being implemented by the Ministry of Jal Shakti.

Select the correct statement using the codes below:

(a)1 only

(b)2 only

(c)Both 1 and 2

(d)Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: D