IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis

Kui Language

12th July, 2023 History

Disclaimer: Copyright infringement not intended.


  • On Monday, the Odisha state cabinet gave an approval to a proposal which recommended the inclusion of the Kui language in the 8th schedule of the Constitution of India.
  • The cabinet is of opinion that the inclusion of language to 8th schedule will not have any financial implications.

Kui Language

  • There are around 46 languages are which are spoken by tribal population in Odisha.
  • Kui language, a vernacular tribal language, is one of them.
  • It is also referred to as Kandh, Khondi, Kanda, Kodu, Kuinga
  • It is a South-Eastern Dravidian language mainly spoken by the Kandhas or Kondhs
  • It is mostly spoken in the hilly and forested areas of Odisha for instance –
    • South and central Odisha which are Phulbani (Kondhamal), Boudh, Koraput, Kalahandi, Rayagada, Nayagarh, Ganjam, Gajapati, Nabarangpur, Sonepur, Angul and Dhenkanal district.
  • Closely related to the Gondi and Kuvi languages, Kui language is written in the Odia script.
  • The language has approximately 1 million speakers, 9,41,488 to be precise, as per census of India.
  • According to information available on UNESCO site, the Koi language status situation is potentially vulnerable.

Significance of inclusion in 8th schedule

  • As per cabinet committee, more than 7 lakh people of Kandh tribe of Odisha will be benefitted from this decision.
  • The inclusion of Kui language in 8th schedule will help in the preservation, promotion and propagation of this language and associated culture.
  • The recognition of this language will get a thrust hence the publication and content creation will be facilitated by this move.
  • An eco-system to assist and enable research and studies of the Kui language will also be created.

Must Read Article:

Bihan Mela


8th Schedule of the Indian Constitution





Consider the following statements about Kui Language:

1. This is a tribal language spoken by the Kondh tribe of Odisha.

2. It is a South-Western Dravidian language which is not a part of 8th schedule of the constitution yet.

Which of the statements given above is/are incorrect?

A. 1 only

B. 2 only

C. Both 1 and 2

D. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: (B)