Daily News Analysis

Kadambini Ganguly

19th July, 2021 History


  • On 18 July 2021, Google celebrated Ganguly's 160th birthday with a doodle on its homepage in India.



  • Kadambini Ganguly (1861 – 1923) was one of the first Indian female doctors who practiced with a degree in Western medicine, alongside other pioneering women such as Anandibai Joshi.
  • Ganguly was the first woman to gain admission to Calcutta Medical College in 1884, subsequently trained in Scotland, and established a successful medical practice in India.
  • Kadambini started her education at Banga Mahila Vidyalaya and while at Bethune School (established by Bethune) in 1878 became the first woman to pass the University of Calcutta entrance examination.


  • It was partly in recognition of her efforts that Bethune College first introduced FA (First Arts), and then graduation courses in 1883.
  • She and Chandramukhi Basu became the first graduates from Bethune College, and in the process became the first female graduates in the country and in the entire British Empire.