PARAM VIR CHAKRA
25th January, 2023 POLITY AND GOVERNANCE
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- The Prime Minister of India named the 21 largest unnamed islands of the Andaman & Nicobar Islands after 21 Param Vir Chakra awardees on the occasion of the 126th birth anniversary of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose; celebrated as ‘Parakram Divas’ across the country.
Gallantry Awards in India:
- Post-Independence, the first three gallantry awards namely Param Vir Chakra, Maha Vir Chakra and Vir Chakra were instituted by the government of India on 26th January 1950 and were deemed to have effect from 15th August 1947.
- Thereafter, other three gallantry awards — the Ashoka Chakra Class-I, the Ashoka Chakra Class-II and the Ashoka Chakra Class-III — were instituted in 1952, and were deemed to have effect from 15th August 1947.
- These awards were renamed Ashoka Chakra, Kirti Chakra and Shaurya Chakra respectively in January 1967.
- Order of precedence of these awards is the Param Vir Chakra, the Ashoka Chakra, the Mahavir Chakra, the Kirti Chakra, the Vir Chakra and the Shaurya Chakra.
- Param Vir Chakra: It is India’s highest military decoration awarded for displaying distinguished acts of valour during wartime whether on land, at sea or in the air.
- Maha Vir Chakra: It is the second-highest gallantry award for acts of conspicuous gallantry in the presence of the enemy whether on land, at sea or in the air.
- Vir Chakra: It is the country's third-highest wartime gallantry award after Param Vir Chakra and Maha Vir Chakra.
- Ashoka Chakra: It is the highest military award during peacetime for valour, courageous action or sacrifice.
- Kirti Chakra: It is the second-highest peacetime gallantry award and is awarded for valour, courageous action or self-sacrifice away from the field of battle.
- Shaurya Chakra: It is awarded to the personnel of the armed forces for instances of extraordinary gallantry.