DRYING UP OF WATER BODIES
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The government's efforts to rejuvenate water bodies in India.
- There are 24,24,540 water bodies in the country of which 20,30,040 water bodies are ‘in use’ and 3,94,500 water bodies are not ‘in use’.
- 93,009 water bodies are reported to be not in use on account of being dried up.
- Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) periodically monitors groundwater levels throughout the country on a regional scale, through a network of monitoring wells.
- About 61% of the wells monitored have registered a rise in ground water level.
- About 39% wells have registered a decrease in water level.
Rejuvenation of water bodies
- It is for the State Government concerned to take up rejuvenation of water bodies, including the dried-up water bodies.
Measures taken by Government of India
- Financial assistance to the identified schemes under Repair, Renovation and Restoration of Water Bodies (RRR of WBs) component of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)-Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP).
- Focused interventions under Jal Shakti Abhiyan annual campaigns.
- Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS).
- Mission Amrit Sarovar.
- Rejuvenation of water bodies is also a component under the Water Supply sector of Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) Scheme under Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs.
Q) Discuss the current status of water bodies in India, including their distribution and usage. (150 words)