IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


29th July, 2022 Security


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  • Union Home and Cooperation Minister Shri Amit Shah has greeted the personnel of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) on its Raising Day
  • The Central Reserve Police Force was established on 27 July, 1939 as the Crown Representative Police.
  • After Independence, this force was named Central Reserve Police Force by an Act of Parliament on 28 December 1949.
  • The then Union Home Minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel had envisioned a multi-faceted role for this force according to the changing needs of the newly independent nation.


Modernisation Plan-IV of Central Armed Police Forces:

  • Total financial outlay- Rs.1,523 crore.
  • Implemented by: Ministry of Home Affairs
  • Aim: to equip CAPFs with modern state-of-the-art weapons and equipment as per their operational requirement, keeping in view their deployment pattern in different theatres. Upgraded IT solutions to improve overall operational efficiency/preparedness, which will positively impact the internal security scenario in the country.
  • Timeline: The Modernisation Plan-IV will run from 02.2022 to 31.03.2026.
  • Significance: Will bolster the Government’s ability to address the challenges being faced on the International Border/LoC/LAC as well as in the different theatres, such as areas affected by Left Wing Extremism, Union Territories of Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh and insurgency affected North Eastern States.

About Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs):

  • It refers to uniform nomenclature of seven central armed police organisations of the India under the authority of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
    • Border Security Force (BSF)
    • Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)
    • Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)
    • Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)
    • Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)
    • National Security Guard (NSG) and
    • Special Protection Group (SPG)
  • Their role is to defend the national interest mainly against the internal threats.
  • BSF, ITBP, SSB primary role is border guarding.
    • The primary role of the Border Security Force is to guard the Indo-Pakistan and Indo-Bangladesh borders, it is deployed both on the international border and the LOC.
    • The Indo-Tibetan Border Police is deployed for guarding duties on the Indo-China border from Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Diphu Pass in Arunachal Pradesh.
    • The objective of the Sashastra Seema Bal is to guard the Indo-Nepal and Indo-Bhutan borders.
  • CISF guarding Security of sensitive establishments
  • CRPF and NSG: Assisting Police to tackle Law & Order, Counter-Terrorist Operations, Counter Naxal Operations.
  • All CAPFs are involved in assisting Police in Law & Order situations and also Army in Counter-Terrorist Operations. BSF & CRPF have assisted the army during external aggression in the past.