BORDER SECURITY FORCE (BSF)
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Context: BSF's first female camel riding squad is ready to be deployed along the India-Pakistan border in Rajasthan and Gujarat.
- The squad will participate for the first time in the BSF Raising Day Parade on 1ST December. This Squad will be the first of its kind in the world.
- The BSF is a central armed police force (CAPF) that functions under the Union government.
- It was raised in 1965 in the aftermath of the India-Pakistan war.
- The BSF Act was passed by Parliament in 1968 and the rules governing the Act were framed in 1969.
- The MHA issues all orders pertaining to the BSF and other CAPFs such as the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB), Indo Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), National Security Guard (NSG) and Assam Rifles.
- India is a Union of States and under One Border One Force policy, the BSF is deployed along the Pakistan and Bangladesh borders.
- It is also deployed in areas affected by Left Wing Extremism (LWE) and is routinely deployed for election and other law and order duties on the request of State governments.
About Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs):
- It refers to uniform nomenclature of seven central armed police organisationsof the India under the authority of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
- Border Security Force (BSF)
- Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)
- Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)
- Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)
- Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)
- National Security Guard (NSG) and
- Special Protection Group (SPG)
- Theirrole is to defend the national interest mainly against the internal threats.
- BSF, ITBP, SSBprimary role is border guarding.
- The primary role of theBorder Security Force is to guard the Indo-Pakistan and Indo-Bangladesh borders, it is deployed both on the international border and the LOC.
- The Indo-Tibetan Border Police is deployed for guarding duties on theIndo-China border from Karakoram Pass in Ladakh to Diphu Pass in Arunachal Pradesh.
- The objective of theSashastra Seema Bal is to guard the Indo-Nepal and Indo-Bhutan borders.
- CISFguarding Security of sensitive establishments
- CRPF and NSG: Assisting Police to tackle Law & Order, Counter-Terrorist Operations, Counter Naxal Operations.
- All CAPFs are involved in assisting Police in Law & Order situations and also Army in Counter-Terrorist Operations. BSF & CRPF have assisted the army during external aggression in the past.