IAS Gyan
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Daily News Analysis

WHIP

2nd March, 2023 POLITY AND GOVERNANCE

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Context: The Supreme Court said that the "whip" binds Members of a House, and if any MLAs within a political party that is part of a ruling coalition indicate they do not wish to support the alliance, the MLAs will be disqualified.

Whip

  • The office of ‘whip’ is mentioned neither in the Indian Constitution nor in the Rules of the House nor in a Parliamentary Statute.
    • It is based on the conventions of the parliamentary government.
  • Every political party, whether ruling or Opposition has its whip in the Parliament.
    • He is appointed by the political party to serve as an assistant floor leader.
  • He is charged with the responsibility of ensuring the attendance of his party members in large numbers and securing their support in favour of or against a particular issue.
    • He regulates and monitors their behaviour in the Parliament.
    • The members are supposed to follow the directives given by the whip. Otherwise, disciplinary action can be taken.

Types of Whips

  • The One-line whip is issued to inform the members about a vote. It allows a member to abstain in case they decide not to follow the party line.
  • The Two-line whip is issued to direct the members to be present in the House at the time of voting. No special instructions are given on the pattern of voting.
  • The Three-line whip is issued to members directing them to vote as per the party line. It is the strictest of all the whips.

Functions of Whip

  • He maintains order among party representatives in the House.
  • He is tasked with making sure that his party's members show up in big numbers and win their support for or opposition to a certain cause.
  • He observes the indications of discontent among Parliamentarians and alerts the appropriate party leaders.
  • He serves as the party's unifying force and is in charge of preserving the internal party structure in the Parliament.
  • He is essential to the effective and efficient running of the business on the House floor.

Violation of whip

  • If an MP violates his party’s whip, he faces dismissal from the House under the Anti-Defection Act.

PRACTICE QUESTION

Q. Consider the following Statements;

1. The office of ‘whip’ is mentioned in the Indian Constitution.

2. Every political party has its whip in the Parliament.

Which of the following Statement is/are correct?

(A) 1 only

(B) 2 only

(C) Both 1 and 2

(D) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: B

Explanation:

Statement 1 is incorrect: The office of ‘whip’ is mentioned neither in the Indian Constitution nor in the Rules of the House nor in a Parliamentary Statute. It is based on the conventions of the parliamentary government.

Statement 2 is correct: Every political party, whether ruling or Opposition has its whip in the Parliament.

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/everyday-explainers/what-whip-state-assembly-parliament-8473933/