IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


1st April, 2024 International News


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Picture Courtesy: https://news.sky.com/story/israel-hamas-war-the-latest-conflict-in-maps-12980904

Context: The United States' absence from the recent UNSC resolution on Israel and Hamas represents a change from its previous solid backing for Israel at international forums.

Key Highlights

  • The UN Security Council voted a resolution calling for an immediate ceasefire, the unconditional release of hostages, and "the urgent need to expand the flow" of aid into Gaza. There were 14 votes in favour with the United States abstaining.
  • Navigating domestic politics and international relations presents challenges for the USA. Domestically, there is the influence of pro-Israel lobbying groups and potential backlash from within the Republican Party. Balancing support for Israel with engagement with Arab countries and other allies poses diplomatic challenges, given the complex geopolitical dynamics of the region.


United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

●The UNSC was established after World War II to address the failures of the League of Nations in maintaining global peace and security.

●Its primary responsibilities include ensuring international peace and security, recommending new UN member admissions to the General Assembly, and approving changes to the UN Charter.

●The UNSC has significant powers outlined in the UN Charter, including the authority to establish peacekeeping operations, impose international sanctions, and authorize military action.

●Resolutions passed by the Security Council are binding on member states.

●The UN Security Council consists of 15 members, five of which are permanent: China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States. These five nations, known as the P5, have veto power over substantive resolutions. The other 10 members are elected on a regional basis for two-year terms.

Permanent members of the Security Council can veto any substantive resolution, including those related to admitting new UN members or appointing the Secretary-General. However, this veto power does not extend to General Assembly matters.

Must Read Articles:

ISRAEL HAMAS CONFLICT: https://www.iasgyan.in/daily-current-affairs/israel-hamas-conflict

INDIA ISRAEL RELATIONS: https://www.iasgyan.in/daily-current-affairs/india-israel-relations-9


Q. What are the challenges and opportunities for deepening and diversifying the India-Israel relationship in the context of shifting geopolitical dynamics in the Middle East and South Asia, as well as global trends in technology, trade, and security cooperation?