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Tungabhadra River

30th November, 2023 Geography

Tungabhadra River

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  • A 17-year-old was recently swept away in the Tungabhadra River in Huligi village.

About Tungabhadra River

  • It is a prominent river in the Indian peninsula's south.
  • It is a significant tributary of the Krishna River.
  • The name comes from the confluence of two rivers, Tunga and Bhadra.
  • The Tunga and Bhadra Rivers have their origins on the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats.
  • The two rivers meet near Koodli in Karnataka's Shimoga district, giving birth to the Tungabhadra River.
  • It flows roughly northwest before entering the Krishna River near Sangamaleshwaram in Andhra Pradesh.
  • The river has a total length of 531 kilometers and a catchment area of 28,000 square kilometers.
  • It runs through the Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh
  • Varada River and Hagari (Vedathy) River are major tributaries.
  • The river has various dams and reservoirs erected, including the Tunga Anicut Dam, the Bhadra Dam, the Hemavathy Dam, and the Tungabhadra Dam.
  • The Hindus regard this river as sacred, appearing in the Ramayana as Pampa.
  • The Tungabhadra River was previously known as the Varada River.
  • For the Vijayanagar Empire, the river was a vital source of water.
  • The Vijayanagar Empire's capital, Hampi, was located on the river's banks.
  • The famous Virupaksha temple also is on the banks of river Tungabhadra.
  • The greater part of the Tungabhadra’s course lies in the southern part of the Deccan plateau.
  • The river is fed mainly by rain, and it has a monsoonal regimen with summer high water.
  • It flows in a more or less northwest direction before joining the eastern river, Krishna.
  • The Krishna River finally ends in the Bay of Bengal.

About Tungabhadra Dam

  • Tungabhadra Dam, commonly known as Pampa Sagar, is a multifunctional dam located near Hosapete, Ballari district, Karnataka. Thirumalai Iyengar erected it in 1953.
  • The Tungabhadra reservoir has a storage capacity of 101 TMC (Thousand Million Cubic Feet) with a catchment area of 28000 square kilometers.
  • It stands approximately 49.5 meters tall.


  • It is the lifeline of six chronically drought-prone districts in Karnataka (popularly known as the rice bowl of Karnataka) and Andhra Pradesh (Anantapur, Cuddapah, and Kurnool).
  • It not only irrigates enormous areas of land in both states, but it also creates hydropower and aids in flood prevention.


Who among the following rulers of the Vijayanagar Empire constructed a large dam across the Tungabhadra River and a canal-cum-aqueduct several kilometers long from the river to the capital city?

  1. A) Devaraya I
  2. B) Mallikarjuna
  3. C) Vira Vijaya
  4. D) Virupaksha

Answer: A