IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


16th December, 2021 Agriculture


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  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has today approved implementation of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) for 2021-26 with an outlay of Rs.93,068 crore.



  • Launched in 2015, PMKSY is an umbrella scheme, providing central grants to the State Governments for specific activities detailed below.
  • It consists of two major components by Department of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, namely, Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP), and Har Khet Ko Pani (HKKP).
  • HKKP, in turn, consists of four sub - components, being Command Area Development (CAD), Surface Minor Irrigation (SMI), Repair, Renovation and Restoration (RRR) of Water Bodies, and Ground Water Development.
  • In addition, Watershed Development part is being implemented by Department of Land Resources.
  • Another component of PMKSY, Per Drop More Crop is being implemented by Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
  • All the States & Union Territories including North Eastern States are covered under the programme.

Mandate at a glance

  • Creation of new water sources through Minor Irrigation (both surface & ground water)
  • Repair, restoration & renovation of water bodies; strengthening carrying capacity of traditional water sources, construction rain water harvesting structures (Jal Sanchay) ;
  • Command area development, strengthening & creation of distribution network from source to the farm
  • Ground water development in the areas where it is abundant, so that sink is created to store runoff/flood water during peak rainy season.
  • Improvement in water management & distribution system for water bodies to take advantage of the available source which is not tapped to its fullest capacity (deriving benefits from low hanging fruits) . At least 10 % of the command area to be covered under micro/precision irrigation.
  • Diversion of water from source of different location where it is plenty to nearby water scarce areas, lift irrigation from water bodies/rivers at lower elevation to supplement requirements beyond IWMP & MGNREGS irrespective of irrigation command.
  • Creating & rejuvenating traditional water storage systems like Jal Mandir (Gujarat) ; Khatri, Kuhl (H. P.) ; Zabo (Nagaland) ; Eri, Ooranis (T. N.) ; Dongs (Assam) ; Katas, Bandhas (Odisha and M. P.) etc. at feasible locations.