IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis

Online classes | Centre’s norms limit classroom screen time

15th July, 2020 Society

Pragyata Guidelines for Digital Education:

  • Can hold live online classes for a maximum of 1.5 hours per day for Classes 1-8.
  • For kinder garden, nursery and pre-school, only 30 minutes of screen time per day for interacting with parents.
  • Three hours per day for Classes 9-12
  • Advice schools to first survey their own students before making decisions about the mode of teaching.
  • Children exposed to digital technologies or gadgets for a longer time are prone to severe health issues
  • “Asynchronous learning” with tools to allow students to download lessons.
  • Listen to radio and TV programmes
  • Communicate through Whatsapp and SMS
  • Study on their own and undertake creative projects.

Survey Required:

  • To assess the available digital infrastructure.
  • Availability of the digital devices as multiple children at home may access the digital medium through single device.
  • Objective should be to ensure that no child is left behind.

About the guidelines:

  • Released by Ministry of Human Resources
  • Prepared by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT)
  • Advisory in nature.
  • State government can form their own rules as per local requirement.

Digital based education programme by Government:

  1. Swayam:
  • An integrated platform for offering online courses and covering school (9th to 12th) to Post Graduate Level.
  • NCERT (National Council of Educational Research and Training) has been developing course modules for MOOCs for school education system in 12 subject areas.
  1. Swayam Prabha:
  • SWAYAM Prabha is an initiative to provide 32 High Quality Educational Channels through DTH.
  • Curriculum-based course content covering diverse disciplines.
  1. National Digital Library:
  • Project to develop a framework of virtual repository of learning resources with a single-window search facility.
  • There are more than three crores digital resources available through the NDL.
  1. Spoken Tutorial:
  • 10-minute long, audio-video tutorial, on open source software, to improve employment potential of students.
  • The languages are C, C++, Java, PHP, Python, PERL, Scilab, OpenFOAM, OpenModelica, DWSIM, LibreO and many more.
  1. E-Yantra:
  • Project for enabling effective education across engineering colleges in India on embedded systems and Robotics.
  • The training for teachers and students is imparted through workshops where participants are taught basics of embedded systems and programming.

Reference: https://www.thehindu.com/education/schools/online-classes-centres-norms-limit-classroom-screen-time/article32083031.ece