IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis

NITI Aayog

21st February, 2023 POLITY AND GOVERNANCE

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In News

  • The Appointments Committee of the Cabinet headed by the Prime Minister has approved the appointment of former IAS officer BVR Subrahmanyam as the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of NITI Aayog.
    • He will replace Parameswaran Iyer, who has been selected as the Executive Director of the World Bank.
  • Subrahmanyam belongs to Andhra Pradesh, between 2004 and 2008, he worked as the private secretary to then-Prime Minister Manmohan Singh.
    • In 2018, he was appointed as the Chief Secretary of Jammu and Kashmir and during his tenure, the state’s special status was scrapped and it was divided into two union territories.
    • He later became the Commerce Secretary to the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

NITI Aayoy

  • Planning Commission Inspired by the USSR/Soviet Model, Prime Minister established a Planning Commission in 1950 to design the five-year Plans for India.
    • In 2015, it was replaced by a new organisation named National Institution for Transforming India (NITI)
  • Promote Cooperative Federalism
    • Governing Council of NITI Aayog has Lieutenant Governors of Union Territories and State Chief Ministers.
    • NITI Aayog Constituted a Committee of State Chief Ministers to examine important issues.
  • Promote Competitive Federalism
    • NITI Aayog has Prepared online dashboards to rank the States on various indicators of development Such as;
      • Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) India Index.
      • Health Index.
      • School Education Quality Index.
      • Digital Transformation Index.
    • Launched Aspirational District Programs for monitoring the progress of backward districts.
  • NITI Aayog has not been given the mandate or Powers to impose Policies on States.
    • NITI Aayog is a think tank or an advisory body.
  • The Powers for the allocation of funds has not been given to the NITI Aayog. The Powers are with the Finance Ministry.
  • As a ‘think-tank’, Niti Aayog has helped the government In framing various Policies on;
    • Clean energy
    • Methanol based economy
    • Infrastructure, human development etc.
    • The model acts on agricultural land leasing, livestock Selling etc.
  • NITI Aayog regularly organizes Seminars, Workshops, and Conferences.
  • NITI initiated Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) to help Startups. NITI is developing the National Program on Artificial Intelligence.
  • NITI’s approach is modernised, forward-looking, and less bureaucratic; NITI Aayog is playing an important role as a think tank for Economic growth, Human development and Good governance in India.