IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


29th January, 2024 Science and Technology


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  • The European Union (EU) is undergoing a strategic shift from being perceived as a stringent tech regulator to becoming an advocate for AI innovation.


  • Concerns over potential overregulation stifling innovation have prompted the European Commission to release a set of rules aimed at facilitating access to critical hardware, including supercomputers and computing capacity, for startups and businesses.
  • This move follows the recent political agreement on the EU AI Act, the world's first comprehensive law on artificial intelligence.

European Commission's AI Innovation Plan

  • Supercomputer Access:
    • Acquisition, upgrading, and operation of AI-dedicated supercomputers.
    • Fast machine learning and training of large general-purpose AI (GPAI) models.
  • Widening Access:
    • Facilitating broader access to AI-dedicated supercomputers for public and private users, including startups and SMEs.
    • Support for AI startup and research ecosystems in algorithmic development, testing, evaluation, and validation of large-scale AI models.
  • Diverse Applications:
    • Enabling the development of emerging AI applications based on GPAI models.

Similarities with India's Approach

  • India is also contemplating a similar strategy, emphasizing the importance of building compute capacity for startups to thrive in the AI landscape.
  • The proposed Indian AI Mission, expected to receive Cabinet approval, entails an outlay of over Rs 10,000 crore.
  • The focus is on developing sovereign AI, establishing computational capacity within the country, and providing compute-as-a-service to startups.

India's AI Mission Components:

  • Compute Capacity Building:
    • Public-private partnership for high-capacity data centers.
    • Development of sovereign AI with an emphasis on computational capacity.
  • Incentive Structures:
    • Exploring various incentive structures for private companies, including capital expenditure subsidies, operational expense incentives, and usage fees.
  • Digital Public Infrastructure (DPI):
    • Creation of a DPI using GPU assembly to provide startups access to computational capacity at a reduced cost.

EU's Motivation for AI Enablement

  • Europe's move towards enabling AI innovation is driven by the desire to compete globally, particularly against American tech giants.
  • The U.S. has seen significant AI innovation led by companies like OpenAI and Google, which have made substantial strides in hardware development.

Regulatory Landscape

  • The EU's earlier AI Act has faced criticism, leading to the current shift.
  • The legislation includes safeguards and restrictions on AI use, especially in law enforcement and areas like facial recognition technology.
  • The focus is on striking a balance between regulation and fostering innovation.


The evolving landscape in both Europe and India reflects a strategic pivot towards fostering AI innovation while addressing regulatory concerns. By providing access to critical hardware, these initiatives aim to create conducive environments for startups and businesses to thrive in the rapidly advancing field of artificial intelligence.Top of Form


Q. Examine the recent shifts in the European Union's approach towards artificial intelligence (AI) regulation and its transition into an advocate for AI innovation. (250 Words)