IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


28th November, 2023 Polity


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Context: The National Medical Commission mandates medical colleges to adopt ABHA ID registration for patients seeking care, facilitating digital documentation for valid assessments and aiding in medical college ratings.


  • The National Medical Commission (NMC) is a regulatory body overseeing medical education and practice in India.
  • To ensure the quality of medical education and patient care, the NMC has introduced a directive related to the ABHA ID registration system in medical colleges.


  • ABHA ID, also known as Ayushman Bharat Health Account or Health ID, is a unique 14-digit identifier that allows individuals to create a personal health record and access healthcare services digitally.
  • It is a secure and confidential platform that enables individuals to store, manage, and share their health records with authorized healthcare providers.
  • Creating an ABHA ID is simple and free. Individuals can create an account using their mobile number or Aadhaar number. Once registered, they will receive a unique 14-digit ABHA ID.
  • Individuals can use their ABHA ID to access various healthcare services online, such as:
    • Booking appointments
    • Viewing their health records
    • Sharing their health records with healthcare providers
    • Accessing online consultations

Key benefits of ABHA ID

  • It provides a centralized repository for an individual's health records, including prescriptions, lab reports, discharge summaries, and other medical documents.
  • Individuals can control who can access their health records through ABHA ID. They can also share their records with healthcare providers with their consent.
  • It can help healthcare providers provide better care by giving them access to a patient's complete medical history.
  • It can help reduce healthcare costs by eliminating the need to duplicate tests and procedures.

ABHA ID Registration System

  • The primary goal of implementing the ABHA ID registration system is to streamline and enhance the documentation of clinical material in medical colleges.
  • The ABHA ID registration system utilizes the Health Management Information System (HMIS) data. HMIS is a comprehensive data management system designed to collect, process, and manage health-related information.
  • The system aims to provide reliable information on the clinical resources available in each medical college. This could include details about patient demographics, medical conditions, treatments, and outcomes.

Implementation and Infrastructure

  • The NMC has issued circular instructing medical colleges to implement the ABHA ID registration system.
  • Medical colleges are required to provide appropriate infrastructure in their hospitals to facilitate ABHA ID generation for patients seeking medical care. This may involve setting up digital systems and processes to efficiently manage patient data.

Benefits of ABHA ID Registration

  • Digital documentation of clinical material through the ABHA ID registration system allows for a more valid assessment of the resources available in medical colleges.
  • The data collected through this system is expected to aid in the rating procedures of medical colleges. This could be beneficial for evaluating the quality of education and patient care provided by these institutions.

Impact on Medical Education and Patient Care

  • The initiative is expected to raise the standards of medical education by ensuring accurate documentation and assessment of clinical material.
  • The implementation of the ABHA ID registration system is anticipated to have a positive impact on patient care by enhancing the reliability of information and ensuring that clinical experiences are based on real patient cases.

Addressing Concerns

  • Preventing Fraud during Inspections: Insiders in the NMC have highlighted concerns about healthy individuals being rounded up to pretend to be sick during inspections. The ABHA ID registration system aims to address this issue by providing a more accurate representation of the patient population in teaching hospitals.
  • Ensuring Genuine Clinical Experience: By discouraging the manipulation of patient numbers, the initiative aims to ensure that medical students receive genuine and valuable clinical experience during their training.


  • The ABHA ID registration system is a digital initiative by the NMC to improve the documentation of clinical material in medical colleges, leading to enhanced standards of medical education and patient care.

Must Read Articles:

Ayushman Bhav Health Campaign:  https://www.iasgyan.in/daily-current-affairs/ayushman-bhav-health-campaign

Ayushman Bharat Health Account: https://www.iasgyan.in/daily-current-affairs/ayushman-bharat-health-account

National Medical Commission’s new guidelines: https://www.iasgyan.in/daily-current-affairs/national-medical-commissions-new-guidelines


Q. How has the digitization of healthcare systems impacted patient outcomes and the overall efficiency of healthcare delivery, and what challenges and opportunities does this digital transformation pose for the future of healthcare?