IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


23rd March, 2023 MISCELLANEOUS

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World Meteorological Day

  • Every year on March 23, World Meteorological Day (WMD) is observed to honour the founding of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO). The day symbolises the importance of how human behaviour and the atmosphere of the Planet are intertwined.
  • Since 1961, several themes have been used to honour this day. It highlights the significant contribution of the meteorological division to the security and well-being of the nations.
  • The Theme for WMD 2023 is 'The Future of Weather, Climate and Water across Generations.' It emphasises the effects of climate change and actions to safeguard the environment for future generations.

World Meteorological Organisation

  • Following the Vienna International Meteorological Congress, the WMO was founded in 1873 by the International Meteorological Organization. Geneva, Switzerland serves as its headquarters.
  • On March 23, 1950, the World Meteorological Organization became the UN's specialised organisation for operational hydrology and meteorology.
  • This organisation uses the most recent information on meteorology, climatology, hydrology, and related geophysical research to contribute to the safety and welfare of society.
  • The WMO seeks to assist developing and vulnerable nations in addressing the socioeconomic effects of extreme weather and other environmental occurrences and in pursuing sustainable development.
  • It aims to develop the standardisation of meteorological data and promotes meteorology training and research for the benefit of various sectors.


Q. Consider the following Statement;

1. World Meteorological Organization is the United Nations' specialised organisation.

2. The Theme for World Meteorological Day 2023 is 'The Future of Weather and Climate Change.'

Which of the following Statement is/are correct?

(A) 1  only

(B) 2 only

(C) Both 1 and 2

(D) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A