IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


22nd November, 2023 Polity


Copyright infringement not intended

Picture Courtesy: PIB

Context: The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Technology Development Board (TDB) and the Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) represents a significant step towards bolstering the Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprise (MSME) sector in India.

Key Aspects of this Collaboration

Facilitating Credit Access

  • TDB and SIDBI have joined forces to make it easier for enterprises in the MSME sector to access credit. This is particularly aimed at companies involved in the development and commercial application of indigenous or imported technology.

Credit Alliance

  • The MoU establishes a credit alliance between TDB and SIDBI. Under this alliance, both organizations will refer additional funding needs of companies they have previously funded to each other. This collaborative approach is designed to streamline the process and ensure a more efficient exchange of referrals.

Financial Support

  • TDB and SIDBI will provide financial support to eligible MSMEs based on their respective policy guidelines. This financial assistance aims to empower MSMEs engaged in innovative activities and technological advancements.

Coordination and Referral Exchange

  • Dedicated key contacts within both organizations will coordinate and facilitate the referral exchange process. This is expected to enhance communication and collaboration between TDB and SIDBI, leading to more effective support for MSMEs.

Outreach and Marketing Activities

  • The collaboration extends beyond financial support, encompassing joint outreach and marketing activities. Both organizations plan to work together to promote the initiative and increase awareness among a wider audience. The specific scope of these activities will be determined as the terms of the MoU are implemented.

Shared Commitment to MSMEs and Technology Development

  • The partnership reflects a shared commitment between TDB and SIDBI to support MSMEs in their endeavours to develop and apply cutting-edge technology. This collaboration is anticipated to contribute to increased innovation, job creation, and overall economic development within the MSME sector.

Technology Development Board (TDB)

  • It is a statutory body of the Department of Science & Technology (DST), within the Ministry of Science and Technology.
  • It was established in 1996 under the Technology Development Board Act 1995, with the primary objective of promoting the development and commercialization of indigenous technology and adaptation of imported technology for wider application.
  • It plays a crucial role in fostering innovation and entrepreneurship in India by providing financial assistance and support to Indian industrial concerns and research and development institutions.

Key Objectives of the Technology Development Board

  • It provides financial assistance in the form of equity capital or loans to industrial concerns engaged in the development and commercialization of indigenous technology. This support helps bridge the gap between innovation and commercialization, enabling promising technologies to reach the market.
  • It facilitates the adaptation of imported technology to suit Indian conditions and makes it applicable to a wider range of industries. This helps in enhancing the technological capabilities of Indian industries and reducing reliance on imports.
  • It promotes collaboration between industry, scientists, technocrats, and specialists to foster innovation and accelerate technology development. It supports joint research and development projects, technology transfer initiatives, and industry-academia partnerships.
  • It provides mentorship, training, and networking opportunities to aspiring technology entrepreneurs. It also facilitates access to funding and supports the development of business plans and market strategies for technology-based startups.

Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI)

  • It is a financial institution that provides financial and developmental assistance to Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) in India.
  • It was established in 1990 by the Government of India as a wholly owned subsidiary of the Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI). SIDBI became independent of IDBI in 2000.
  • SIDBI's mission is to "promote, finance and develop the MSME sector and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto."
  • SIDBI has a network of over 500 branches and offices across India. The bank is headquartered in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh.

SIDBI provides a wide range of financial products and services to MSMEs

  • Working capital loans to MSMEs to meet their day-to-day business needs.
  • Term loans to MSMEs for the purchase of plant and machinery, expansion of their businesses, and other long-term investments.
  • Microfinance loans to small businesses and individuals who are unable to access traditional banking services.
  • Venture capital to promising MSME startups.
  • Financial assistance to MSMEs for the development and commercialization of new technologies.

SIDBI also provides non-financial support to MSMEs

  • Provides training and counselling to aspiring entrepreneurs.
  • Helps MSMEs to form and develop clusters, which can help them to improve their competitiveness.
  • Provides export promotion services to MSMEs, such as market research and export finance.


  • The collaboration between TDB and SIDBI is a comprehensive initiative that goes beyond just financial support, encompassing coordination, referral exchange, and joint promotional efforts. The ultimate goal is to create a favourable ecosystem for MSMEs, encouraging technological innovation and economic development.


Q. What is the role of the Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) in fostering the growth and development of small industries, and how does it contribute to the overall economic landscape of the country?