Daily News Analysis

Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)                                                                                               

18th September, 2021 International Relations

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Context: Prime Minister participated virtually in the 21st Meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO).


Prime Minister address highlighted

  • Problems caused by growing radicalisation and extremism in the broader SCO region, which runs counter to the history of the region as a bastion of moderate and progressive cultures and values.
  • Recent developments in Afghanistan could further exacerbate this trend towards extremism.
  • He suggested that SCO could work on an agenda to promote moderation and scientific and rational thought, which would be especially relevant for the youth of the region.
  • SCO could develop a code of conduct on 'zero tolerance' towards terrorism in the region, and highlighted the risks of drugs, arms and human trafficking from Afghanistan.
  • He stressed that connectivity projects should be transparent, participatory and consultative, in order to promote mutual trust.
  • The SCO Summit was followed by an Outreach session on Afghanistan between SCO and the Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO).
    • The Collective Security Treaty Organization is an intergovernmental military alliance in Eurasia that consists of selected post-Soviet states. The treaty had its origins to the Soviet Armed Forces, which was gradually replaced by the United Armed Forces of the Commonwealth of Independent States.
    • Member states of the Collective Security Treaty Organization are:
      • Armenia
      • Belarus
      • Kazakhstan
      • Kyrgyzstan
      • Russia
      • Tajikistan

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