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Palpimanus Godawan and Palpimanus Maldhok

14th September, 2023 Environment

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  • In a new discovery, Indian arachnologists have found two new species of spider - Palpimanus Godawan and Palpimanus Maldhok - in the conservation sites of the Rajasthan Desert National Park and Solapur district in Maharashtra.


  • Researchers said that the habitats of the critically endangered Great Indian Bustard (GIB) played a crucial role in creating an ecosystem for the survival of the two spider species that belong to the Palpimanidae
  • “Godawan” and “Maldhok” species of spider aimed to draw attention to the urgent need for the preservation of these vital habitats.
  • If the GIB were not there, the habitat would not have been protected, and these spiders would not have survived.
  • The critically endangered birds are crucial in preserving the delicate balance of their ecosystems, and every species, including the recently discovered spiders.
  • Conservationists have urged for a united endeavor to safeguard frequently neglected species that play a crucial role in maintaining the wellbeing and adaptability of ecosystems 

Desert National Park

  • Desert National Park is a national park situated in the Indian state of Rajasthan, near the towns of Jaisalmer and Barmer.
  • The Desert National Park is an excellent example of the ecosystem of the Thar Desert.
  • Sand dunes form around 44% of the Park.
  • The major landform consists of craggy rocks and compact salt lake bottoms, intermedial areas and fixed dunes.
  • The park was gazetted in 1980.
  • Despite a fragile ecosystem, there is an abundance of birdlife.
  • The region is a haven for migratory and resident birds of the desert.
  • Many eagles, harriers, falcons, buzzards, kestrel and vultures are spotted here.
  • Short-toed eagles, tawny eagles, spotted eagles, laggar falcons and kestrels are the most common among these.
  • The Chinkara or Indian Gazelle (Gazella bennettii) is a common antelope of this region.
  • The greatest attraction of the park is a bird called the Great Indian Bustard, a critically endangered species found only in India.
  • The vegetation is sparse, and patches of swan grass and aak shrub (Calotropis) can be seen.
  • Mammals: desert fox, Bengal fox, desert cat, wolf, hedgehog, chinkara.
  • Reptiles: spiny-tailed lizard, monitor lizard, saw-scaled viper, Russell's viper, common krait.
  • Avifauna: sandgrouse, Indian bustard, partridges, bee-eaters, larks and shrikes are year-round residents, while demoiselle crane and houbara bustard arrive in winter. Raptors include tawny and steppe eagles, long-legged and honey buzzards, and falcons.
  • Flora: Habitats that are found in the park include open grassland, thorny bushes, and dunes.
  • The Desert National Park has a collection of fossils of animals and plants which are 180 million years old.
  • Some fossils of dinosaurs which are 60 million years old have been found in the area.
  • Desert National Park also has fossils from the Jurassic Period.





Q. Recently, the newly discovered species Palpimanus Godawan was in the news. What is it?





Answer: 1