IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


25th April, 2023 International Relations

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  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi said that the central government had launched 'Operation Kaveri' to bring back stranded Indians from conflict-ridden Sudan.

Naming of the missions

  • This is on the same lines as that the PM chose to name the operation in Ukraine as Operation Ganga.
  • The Kaveri is one of the major Indian rivers flowing through the southern states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
  • The river is sacred to the people of the region and is worshipped as the Goddess Kaveriamma (mother Kaveri).
  • Rivers reach their destination irrespective of barriers. It's like a mother who will ensure she will bring her children back to safety.
  • The rescue operation undertaken by India when Afghanistan was under attack from the Taliban was called 'Operation Devi Shakti'.
    • Goddess Durga is a protector and comes to the help of people in distress.
    • The name of the divine helps boost morale of people in stressful situation.
  • This year, India sent rescue and relief material to an earthquake-hit Turkey and Syria and that was named Operation Dost.

About the river

  • The Kaveri is one of the major Indian rivers flowing through the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
  • The Kaveri River rises at Talakaveri in the Brahmagiri range in the Western Ghats, Kodagu district of the state of Karnataka and flows for about 800 km before its outfall into the Bay of Bengal.
  • It is the third largest river – after Godavari and Krishna – in southern India, and the largest in the state of Tamil Nadu, which, on its course, bisects the state into north and south.
  • In ancient Tamil literature, the river was also called Ponni (the golden mother, in reference to the fine silt it deposits).
  • The Kaveri is a sacred river to the people of South India and is worshipped as the Goddess Kaveriamma (Mother Cauvery). It is considered to be among the seven holy rivers of India.
  • It is extensively used for agriculture in both Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.


Crisis in Sudan:




Q) Strategic location and agricultural wealth have attracted regional power plays, complicating the chances of a successful transition in Sudan. Discuss. (150 words)