Daily News Analysis

One Mutation and Global Menace

14th July, 2021 Science and Technology

Context

  • A single change in a key viral protein may have helped the coronavirus behind COVID-19 make the jump from animals to people, setting the virus on its way to becoming the scourge it is today – Researchers.

 

About

  • The mutation appears to help the virus’ spike protein strongly latch onto the human version of a host protein called ACE2 that the virus uses to enter and infect cells.
  • That ability to lock onto the human cells was stronger with the mutated virus than with other coronaviruses lacking the change.

 

ACE 2

  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is an enzyme attached to the membrane of cells located in the intestines, kidney, testis, gallbladder, and heart.
  • ACE2 lowers blood pressure by catalyzing the hydrolysis of angiotensin II (a vasoconstrictor peptide) into angiotensin.
  • ACE2 also serves as the entry point into cells for some coronaviruses.

 

To know about Mutation Visit: https://www.iasgyan.in/blogs/bengal-strain-all-about-mutation

 

https://www.sciencenews.org/article/coronavirus-mutation-pandemic-covid-genetics-bat-human