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Northeast African Cheetah

6th January, 2024 Environment

Northeast African Cheetah

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  • A group of experts have appealed to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) to reclassify the status of the Northeast African Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus soemmeringii), found in the Horn of Africa, to ‘endangered’ from ‘vulnerable’.

Northeast African Cheetah

  • The Northeast African Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus soemmeringii) is a vulnerable subspecies of cheetah primarily found in the northeastern regions of Africa. Characterized by its distinctive black tear stripes on the face, slender build, and remarkable speed, the Northeast African Cheetah faces severe threats to its survival.

Key Points:

  • Habitat: Native to arid and semi-arid ecosystems, including savannas and grasslands in parts of Sudan, South Sudan, Ethiopia, and Somalia.
  • Population: Critically endangered, with a significantly reduced population due to habitat loss, human-wildlife conflict, and illegal hunting.
  • Adaptations: Recognized for its exceptional speed, capable of reaching speeds up to 75 miles per hour (120 km/h). Black tear stripes under the eyes may serve to reduce sun glare and enhance focus during high-speed pursuits.
  • Threats: Major threats include habitat fragmentation, decline in prey species, and conflict with local communities leading to retaliatory killings.
  • Conservation Status: Classified as Vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), highlighting the urgent need for conservation efforts.
  • Conservation Initiatives: Efforts include habitat protection, anti-poaching measures, and community engagement to mitigate human-wildlife conflict. International collaboration is crucial for the survival of this subspecies.

In conclusion, the Northeast African Cheetah faces imminent threats to its existence, necessitating urgent and coordinated conservation measures to safeguard its habitat and mitigate human-induced pressures.


Q. Consider the following statements regarding the Northeast African Cheetah:

1.The Northeast African Cheetah is primarily found in the rainforests of Central Africa.

2.It is recognized for its distinctive black tear stripes under the eyes.

3.The cheetah's population is stable, and it is not currently classified as endangered.

4.Human-wildlife conflict, habitat loss, and illegal hunting are major threats to the survival of the Northeast African Cheetah.

Select the correct statements using the codes below:

A) 1 and 3 only

B) 2 and 4 only

C) 2 and 3 only

D) 2 and 4 only


B) 2 and 4 only