IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


6th April, 2024 Geography


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Picture Courtesy: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-18328859

Context: The Kosovo government has launched its first nationwide census since 2011, including the survey of the ethnic Serb minority in the north.

About Kosovo

  • Kosovo is situated in Southeast Europe, specifically in the central Balkans.
  • It is a landlocked country bordered by
    • Serbia to the north and east
    • North Macedonia to the southeast
    • Albania to the southwest
    • Montenegro to the west
  • The landscape of Kosovo is diverse, featuring plains in central areas such as the Kosovo field, and mountainous regions like the Accursed Mountains in the southwest and the Sar Mountains in the southeast.
  • Kosovo declared independence from Serbia in 2008, following a period of conflict and international intervention, particularly during the Kosovo War of 1998-1999. As of now, Kosovo has been recognized as an independent state by over 100 countries, including many European and North American nations. However, Serbia and some other countries do not recognize Kosovo's sovereignty.
  • Kosovo operates as a parliamentary democracy with a multi-ethnic population, predominantly consisting of Albanians and Serbs, as well as other minority communities.
  • Kosovo is classified as a developing country with an upper-middle-income economy. Kosovo is a member of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), and other international organisations.





Q. Kosovo is a landlocked country bordered by:

1. Serbia

2. North Macedonia

3. Albania

4. Montenegro

Select the correct code:

A) Only one

B) Only two

C) Only three

D) All four

Answer: D