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- Israeli lawmaker has called to deploy a ‘doomsday’ weapon against Hamas and Palestine in the ongoing war. This has put the limelight on nuclear weapons in the region, namely the Jericho missile system.
- ‘Jericho,’ refers to Israel’s original ballistic missile program.
- It was initiated in the 1960s and named after the biblical city located in the West Bank.
- The Jericho Ballistic Missile System was initially a collaboration with the French aerospace company Dassault.
- France withdrew in 1969, and Israel continued its development.
Note: Initially, the Jericho-1 model, which was operational during the Yom Kippur War in 1973, came out as an accomplishment of the said program.
Jericho-1 Missile System
- The Jericho-1 missile system, was retired in the 1990s.
- It had a weight of 6.5 tons, a length of 13.4 meters, and a diameter of 0.8 meters.
- Jericho-1 missile system had a range of 500 kilometers.
- It could carry a 1,000-kilogram payload, though it had a 50 percent chance of hitting within a 1,000-meter radius of its target.
Jericho-2 Missile System
- After the Jericho-1 missile system, later, Israel developed the Jericho-2.
- It was a longer-range missile in the late 1980s, with a length of 15 meters and a diameter of 1.35 meters.
- But it had the same payload capacity.
- The Jericho-2 missile system had a range between 1,500 and 3,500 kilometers.
Jericho-3 Missile System
- Then, Israel developed the Jericho-3 missile system.
- It was an intermediate-range system that entered into service in 2011.
- The latest weapon featured improvements over the previous models.
- It has a longer length than Jericho-2 and a larger diameter of 1.56 meters.
- The single warhead of the Jericho-3 missile system weighed approximately 750 kilograms.
- It had a range of 4,800 to 6,500 kilometers.
- Moreover, the payload capacity extended to about 1,300 kilograms.
PRELIMS PRACTICE QUESTION
Q. Match the following:
1. Tomahawk a) France
2. Jericho b) UK
3. Aster 30 c) USA
4. Brimstone d) sIsrael
A. 1-a, 2-d, 3-c, 4-a
B. 1-c, 2-a, 3-d, 4-b
C. 1-c, 2-d, 3-a, 4-b
D. 1-c, 2-a, 3-b, 4-d