Daily News Analysis

Horticulture Production

17th July, 2021 Agriculture

Context

  • India is expected to have the highest ever horticulture production of 329.86 million tonnnes in 2020-21, up by 2.93% over previous year.

 

India's position in production of horticulture crops

  • It ranks second in fruits and vegetables production in the world, after China.
  • Its horticulture production has increased by 30 per cent in the last five years.
  • India is the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables in the world with first rank in the production of Banana, Mango, Lime & Lemon, Papaya and Okra.

 

Top State and their percent(%) Share in Production

 

Fruit

State

Share

Andhra Pradesh

15.63%

Maharashtra

12.05%

Uttar Pradesh

10.82%

Vegetable

Uttar Pradesh

15.40%

West Bengal

15.03%

Madhya Pradesh

9.52%

Plantation Crops

Kerala

33.48%

Karnataka

27.30%

Tamil Nadu

23.42%

Flower

Tamil Nadu

17.33%

Andhra Pradesh

15.40%

Karnataka

11.63%

Spices

Madhya Pradesh

14.67%

Rajasthan

14.09%

Andhra Pradesh

13.54%

Challenges in the Horticulture Sector

  • Minimum Support Price (MSP) is not applicable to this sector.
  • Lack of machinery and equipment.
  • High price fluctuations.
  • Lack of good cold chain storage and transport networks.

 

Way Ahead

  • Science and technology-led advancement
  • Improvement in quality seeds & plants and bringing newly introduced cultivators that ensures quick and efficient cultivation process.
  • Imparting the meaningful education related to Horticulture to upscale youth knowledge regarding various government schemes and modern equipment and machinery.
  • Adopt post-harvest management exercises to enhance the value of fruits in the long run.
  • Value addition is the process that meets the requirements of nutritional security. It boosts the economic value of Horticulture crops.
  • Organizing Research & Development Programmes at National level.
  • Establishing a better long-distance transportation network should be a task of utmost importance to ensure smooth and hindrance-free transportation of fresh Horticultural produce.
  • Preserved cultivation, hydroponic & aeroponic should get enfolded for polishing up productivity along with the quality of produce.

 

 Initiatives taken

  • Horticulture Area Production Information System (HAPIS) - a web enabled information system by which data from the states/districts is reported. This minimizes the time-lag and maximizes the coverage area.
  • Coordinated programme on Horticulture Assessment and MANagement using geoinformatics (CHAMAN) - to develop scientific methodology for estimation of area & production under horticulture crops. Method used: Remote Sensing and Sample Survey Techniques.
  • Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme for the holistic growth of the horticulture sector.Under MIDH, Government of India (GOI) contributes 60%, of total outlay for developmental programmes in all the states except states in North East and Himalayas, 40% share is contributed by State Governments. In the case of North Eastern States and Himalayan States, GOI contributes 90%. Schemes under it are: National Horticulture Mission (NHM); Horticulture Mission for North East and Himalayan States (HMNEH); National Horticulture Board (NHB); Coconut Development Board (CDB) & Central Institute of Horticulture (CIH), Nagaland

 

 

https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/agriculture/horticulture-production-to-high-record-high-at-329-86-million-tonnes-says-agriculture-ministry/articleshow/84446709.cms