Daily News Analysis

Green Hydrogen

17th July, 2021 Agriculture

Context:

  • India to emerge as a leader in Green Hydrogen and Green Ammonia.
  • India had one of the fastest rates of growth of Renewable Energy capacity in the world.
  • India had pledged in COP-21 in Paris that by 2030; 40% of its power generation capacity will be from non-fossil fuel sources.
  • It had already reached at 38.5% and if the capacity under installation is added, it comes to 48.5%.
  • India has set a target of 450 GW of Renewable Energy capacity by 2030.
  • India had achieved universal access by connecting every village and every hamlet under Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana Scheme and connecting every household under Saubhagya Scheme.
  • India has already touched 200 GW of demand even when the effects of COVID-19 was still there.
  • The demand had crossed what it was during pre-COVID time and it is expected that electricity demand will continue to rise.
  • Mechanism of ALMM (Approved List of Models and Manufacturers) adopted, which will also provide protection to Indian solar cell producing Industries.
  • India proposes to green industry sectors to replace Grey Hydrogen (drawn from imported natural gas) with Green Hydrogen and for this it will come out with a Green Hydrogen Purchase Obligation for different sectors like petroleum and fertilizer. 
  • It will also provide huge demand for domestically manufactured solar and wind equipments as well as storage.

 

About Hydrogen

  • There are no natural hydrogen deposits on earth, it has to be extracted from other compounds by a chemical process.
  • The vast majority of industrial hydrogen is currently produced from natural gas through a process known as steam methane reforming or SMR.
  • Producing hydrogen in this way is sometimes referred to as brown or grey or even blue hydrogen.

 

Green hydrogen production

  • Hydrogen can also be produced by the electrolysis of water (using an electric current to break water, H2O, into its component elements of hydrogen and oxygen).
  • If this electric current is produced by a renewable source (g. Solar PV or a wind turbine), the clean hydrogen produced is known as green hydrogen.

Green hydrogen Status

  • Less than 1% of hydrogen produced in the world is green hydrogen.
  • India consumes about six million tonnes of hydrogen every year. This could increase to 28 million tonnes by 2050.
  • India has favorable geographic location and abundance of sunlight and wind for the production of green hydrogen.
  • India will become a net exporter of green hydrogen by 2030 due to its cheap renewable energy tariffs, according to the Global Hydrogen Council.
  • Green hydrogen currently costs or Rs 371-446, which is nearly triple the cost of grey hydrogen.
  • The price will decrease further as production and sales increase.

 

Significance

  • Under the Paris Climate Agreement, India pledged to reduce the emission intensity of its economy by 33-35 per cent from 2005 levels by 2030.
  • Our ability to produce large quantities of green hydrogen will play a major role in providing an alternative to fossil fuels as we transition to low emissions and work towards a clean, healthy environment.
  • Through the use of green hydrogen, we can foresee a sustainable future in handling increased demand of clean energy.

 

 

https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1736045