IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


25th November, 2023 Security


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  • The Joint Military Exercise SURYA KIRAN, in its 17th edition, is a significant biennial event held alternatively in India and Nepal.


  • The recent exercise, scheduled from November 24th to December 7th, 2023, is being conducted in Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand.
  • It involves the participation of the Nepal Army contingent from the Tara Dal Battalion and the Indian Army contingent, led by a Battalion from the KUMAON Regiment.

Objectives and Focus Areas

  • Enhancing Interoperability: The primary aim of SURYA KIRAN is to improve interoperability between the Indian and Nepalese troops. It focuses on refining combat skills, operational capabilities, and strengthening coordination in challenging terrains.
  • Combat Training: The exercise emphasizes jungle warfare techniques, counter-terrorism operations in mountainous regions, and humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations as per the United Nations Charter.
  • Technology Integration: It includes training on the employment of drones, counter-drone measures, and aviation aspects. Additionally, it emphasizes environmental conservation efforts during military operations.
  • Cultural Exchange and Best Practices: SURYA KIRAN serves as a platform for soldiers from both countries to exchange ideas, share experiences, and understand each other's operational procedures, fostering deeper military ties and mutual understanding.


In essence, Exercise SURYA KIRAN serves as a testament to the enduring camaraderie, trust, and cooperation between India and Nepal. It highlights their shared commitment to promoting regional stability, peacekeeping, and mutual security interests through joint military exercises and cooperation.


Q. Discuss the evolution of defense relations between India and Nepal, highlighting their historical significance, present-day dynamics, challenges, and the potential avenues for further collaboration. (250 Words)