IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


7th November, 2023 Polity

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Picture Courtesy: www.studease.in

Context: The Supreme Court decides whether a transgender woman who has undergone sex reassignment surgery can claim maintenance under the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005 (DV Act).


  • The Supreme Court's decision will be important for transgender rights in India. If the Court holds that transgender women can claim maintenance under the DV Act, it will be a significant victory for the transgender community. It will also send a message that transgender women are entitled to the same protection from domestic violence as biological females.
  • However, if the Court holds that the DV Act does not apply to transgender women, it will be a major setback for transgender rights in India. It will leave transgender women vulnerable to domestic violence without any legal recourse.

Domestic Violence Act 2005

  • The Domestic Violence Act 2005, also known as the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, was enacted by the Indian Parliament to address the rising concerns of domestic violence faced by women within the confines of their homes.
  • The Act recognized the need for specific legislation to protect the rights and well-being of women who are victims of domestic abuse.


  • The Act broadly defines domestic violence, covering physical, verbal, emotional, sexual, and economic abuse within the domestic sphere.
  • It provides for various protection orders, such as protection orders, residence orders, and monetary relief, aimed at safeguarding the victim and her dependents.
  • The Act empowers the victims to seek immediate relief, including the right to reside in the shared household and restraining the abuser from dispossessing her.
  • The Act emphasizes counselling and support services for victims, ensuring their physical and emotional well-being.
  • Victims are entitled to free legal aid and assistance to pursue their cases in court.


  • Empower women by providing legal recourse against domestic violence.
  • Raises awareness about the issue, promoting a safer environment within homes.
  • Recognizes the rights of women to live a life free from violence and fear.
  • Facilitates the economic and emotional rehabilitation of victims.

Significant steps to enforce the Act, including:

  • Establishing specialized police cells to handle domestic violence cases.
  • Conducting awareness campaigns to educate women about their rights under the Act.
  • Setting up counselling centres and helplines for victims to seek immediate assistance.
  • Training law enforcement officials and judicial officers about the nuances of the Act.


  • Many women are unaware of their rights and the provisions of the Act.
  • Societal attitudes often discourage women from reporting domestic violence due to fear of social stigma.
  • In some cases, the Act’s implementation faces challenges due to legal and procedural complexities.
  • Economic dependency on the abuser sometimes prevents victims from seeking legal recourse.

Way Forward to strengthen the effectiveness of the Domestic Violence Act 2005

  • Conduct extensive awareness campaigns to educate women about their rights and available support services.
  • Involve local communities and NGOs to support victims and create a supportive environment.
  • Provide regular training to law enforcement agencies, judicial officers, and healthcare professionals to handle domestic violence cases sensitively.
  • Continuously assess the Act’s implementation and make necessary legal reforms to address emerging issues and challenges.


  • The Domestic Violence Act 2005, is a significant legislative step towards protecting women's rights in India. However, addressing the associated challenges and ensuring widespread awareness and effective implementation are crucial for creating a society free from domestic violence.

Must Read Articles:

International Day for The Elimination Of Violence Against Women: https://www.iasgyan.in/daily-current-affairs/international-day-for-the-elimination-of-violence-against-women


Q. What are the prevailing factors contributing to the high incidence of domestic violence in India, and what measures have been taken by the government and society to address this issue and support the victims?