Daily News Analysis

Dal Lake

1st April, 2021 Environment

Context: Srinagar’s Dal Lake along with five other famous ones in Jammu and Kashmir are to be declared protected wetlands.

  • The other lakes which are to be declared protected wetlands includes Wular, Nigeen lakes in the Kashmir region and Sanasar, Manasbal and Purmandal lakes (Chotta Kashi) in the Jammu region as protected wetlands.
  • Forest Department will prepare digital inventory, documentation and geo-spatial database on wetlands, to profile various wetlands of Jammu and Kashmir and recommend their notification under the Environment Protection Act and Wetland (Conversation & Management) rules.

Dal Lake:

  • It is a lake in Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir, India.
  • It is an urban lake, which is the second largest in the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • It is named the "Lake of Flowers", "Jewel in the crown of Kashmir" or "Srinagar's Jewel".
  • The lake is also an important source for commercial operations in fishing and water plant harvesting

Wular Lake

  • It is one of the largest fresh water lakes in Asia.
  • It is sited in in Jammu and Kashmir, India.
  • The lake basin was formed as a result of tectonic activity and is fed by the Jhelum River.
  • In ancient times, Wular Lake was also called Mahapadmasar.
  • The lake is one of the 42 Indian wetlands designated as a Ramsar site.

Nigeen Lake

  • It is a mildly eutrophic lake located in Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
  • It is sometimes considered a part of the Dal lake and is connected to it via a narrow strait.

Purmandal (also called Chhota Kashi)

  • It is a village located on the Devika River in Samba district, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
  • The village and its temples are a pilgrimage site for Hindus, who believe bathing in the river cleanses the soul.