12th July, 2021 ENVIRONMENT AND ECOLOGY
- The Indian scientists discover novel plant species in Antarctica, during an expedition to Antarctica, in 2017.
- Recently, scientists could confirmed that the plant species had been discovered for the first time.
About the new species
- It is a rare, dark green plant species.
- The plant species was found at the Larsemann Hills, near one of the world’s remotest research stations, Bharati.
- The plant species was later recognized as mosses.
- It is called as Bryum Bharatiensis, named after the Hindu goddess, Bharati, who also lends her name to India’s research station in Antarctica.
- It is named so by the scientists to pay tribute to their country of origin, i.e., India.
- It is the first time, since the launch of the first research station in Antarctica, four decades ago, that India discovered a new plant species.
- This research has opens new doors for more such studies in the region.
- It will also be interesting to know how these mosses survive one of the world’s toughest weather in temperatures going as low as -70 degrees.
- Mosses are non-flowering plants, which produce spores and have stems and leaves, but don't have true roots.
- Mosses, and their cousins liverworts and hornworts, are classified as Bryophyta (bryophytes) in the plant kingdom.
- Mosses are distributed throughout the world except in salt water and are commonly found in moist shady locations.