IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


3rd December, 2022 Polity and Governance

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  • Asom Divas or Assam Day is celebrated on 2nd December every year to mark the arrival of the first king of the Ahom kingdom Sukhapaa in Assam.
    • The day is also celebrated as Sukaphaa Divas in honour of the founder of the Ahom kingdom.


About Sukapha

  • He was a 13th-century ruler who founded the Ahom kingdom that ruled Assam for six centuries. Contemporary scholars trace his roots to Burma.
  • He is widely referred to as the architect of “BorAsom” or “greater Assam”.
  • It was in Charaideo that Sukapha established his first small principality, sowing the seeds of further expansion of the Ahom kingdom.
  • The founders of the Ahom kingdom had their own language and followed their own religion. Over the centuries, the Ahoms accepted the Hindu religion and the Assamese language.
  • To commemorate Sukapha and his rule, Assam celebrates “Asom Divas” on December 2 every year.

Ahom Kingdom

  • The Ahoms belonged to the great Tai group of tribes which dominated south China and many south-east Asian countries
  • The Ahom Kingdom (1228–1826) was a kingdom in the Brahmaputra valley in Assam that maintained its sovereignty for nearly 600 years and successfully resisted Mughal expansion in North-East India, It expanded in the 16th century and became multi-ethnic, effect on the political and social life in the entire Brahmaputra valley.
  • A new language, Assamese, based on the intermingling of the various people and tribes, emerged.
    • The Assamese language entered the Ahom court and coexisted with the Tai language for some time in the 17th century before finally replacing it.
  • Hinduization of the Ahoms, by incorporating their gods into the Hindu, marriage with Hindu noble families etc.
    • The Ahom rulers were aware that accepting Hinduism gave the ruler a divine status which strengthened his position among the nobles.


  • Assam state is in northeastern India, south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys.
  • The state is bordered by;
    • Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh in the North.
    • Nagaland and Manipur in the East.
    • Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram and Bangladesh in the South.
    • West Bengal in the west via the Siliguri Corridor, a 22 kilometres wide strip of land that connects the state to the rest of India.
  • Assamese and Boro are the official languages of Assam, while Bengali is an additional official language in the Barak Valley.
  • Assam is known for tea and silk.
  • The state was the first site for oil drilling in Asia.
  • Assam has petroleum, natural gas, coal, limestone and other minor minerals such as magnetic quartzite, kaolin, sillimanites, clay and feldspar.
  • Assam is home to the one-horned Indian rhinoceros, along with the wild water buffalo, pygmy hog, tiger and various species of birds, and provides one of the last wild habitats for the Asian elephant.
  • The Assamese economy is aided by wildlife tourism to Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park, which are World Heritage Sites.
  • Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is famed for its feral horses.
  • The region is prone to natural disasters like annual floods and frequent mild earthquakes.