GS PAPER II: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
Context: New Zealand became the eleventh signatory to the Artemis Accords, a blueprint for space cooperation and supporting the U.S. space agency's plans to return humans to the moon by 2024 and to launch a historic human mission to Mars.
About Artemis Accords:
- This accord ensures that space exploration is conducted in a safe, sustainable and transparent manner and in full compliance with international law.
- As more countries establish a presence in outer space, via research stations, satellites, or even rocket launches, these accords provide a set of principles to create a safe and transparent environment that inspires exploration, science, and commercial activities.
- The other signatories to the accords are the U.S., Australia, Britain, Canada, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, South Korea, the United Arab Emirates, and Ukraine. Brazil also said it plans to sign.