IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis


14th November, 2023 Geography


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  • INS Sumedha in continuation with the Indian Navy’s mission-based deployment to West Africa and the Atlantic made a port call at Walvis Bay, Namibia from 10-13 November 23.
  • This port call is a manifestation of India’s warm ties with Namibia, its commitment to enhance maritime security and demonstrate solidarity with friendly nations.

Key Facts About Walvis Bay

Geographical Location:

  • Walvis Bay is a city located on the western coast of Namibia, along the Atlantic Ocean.
  • It is situated about 30 kilometers south of the major port town of

Historical Significance:

  • Walvis Bay has a rich history and was originally settled by indigenous people.
  • It became a German colony in the late 19th century and later became a British enclave before being incorporated into Namibia in 1994.

Economic Importance:

  • The city is home to one of Namibia's most crucial deep-water ports, making it a significant hub for trade and commerce.
  • The port of Walvis Bay serves as a gateway for imports and exports, facilitating international trade for Namibia and neighboring landlocked countries.

Natural Features:

  • The city is known for its scenic beauty, with the juxtaposition of the Atlantic Ocean and the surrounding desert landscape.
  • The Walvis Bay Lagoon is a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance, known for its diverse birdlife, including flamingos and pelicans.

Wildlife and Nature Reserves:

  • The area around Walvis Bay is rich in biodiversity, and there are several nature reserves and parks nearby.
  • Pelican Point, located on a sand spit extending into the Atlantic Ocean, is known for its seal colony and is a popular destination for wildlife enthusiasts.

Cultural Attractions:

  • Walvis Bay has a mix of cultural influences, reflecting its history as a German and then a British settlement.
  • The city has various cultural and historical sites, including museums and landmarks.

Gateway to the Namib Desert:

  • Walvis Bay is often considered the gateway to the Namib Desert, one of the oldest and most arid deserts in the world.
  • Tourists often use Walvis Bay as a starting point for exploring the Namib Desert and the iconic sand dunes of Sossusvlei.

Fishing Industry:

  • The city has a thriving fishing industry, contributing significantly to the local economy.
  • Fish processing and canning are important activities in Walvis Bay.

Infrastructure Development:

  • In recent years, there has been significant infrastructure development in Walvis Bay, including the expansion of the port facilities to accommodate larger vessels.

Tourism and Recreation:

  • Walvis Bay has become a popular tourist destination, offering activities such as dolphin and seal cruises, bird watching, and water sports.


Walvis Bay, often in the news, is a strategic coastal city. Consider the following statements regarding Walvis Bay and choose the correct option:

  1. Walvis Bay is located on the eastern coast of Namibia.
  2. The city played a significant role in the historical spice trade between Asia and Africa.
  3. Walvis Bay is known for its Ramsar Wetland status due to the presence of a diverse bird population.
  4. The port of Walvis Bay is a vital gateway for landlocked countries in the region.

Select the correct answer using the codes below:

A) 1 and 2 only

B) 3 and 4 only

C) 1, 3, and 4 only

D) 2, 3, and 4 only

Answer: C