IAS Gyan

Daily News Analysis

United Arab Emirates launches mission to Mars

21st July, 2020 Science and Technology


  • UAE sent its first mars mission (even first among the Arab nations) an unmanned probe called Al-Amal, or Hope from coast of Japan.


  • The Emirati project is one of three racing to Mars, including Tianwen-1 from China and Mars 2020 from the United States, taking advantage of a period when the Earth and Mars are nearest.
  • In October, Mars will be comparatively short 38.6m miles (62m km) from Earth, according to NASA.
  • Hope is expected to reach Mars's orbit by February 2021, marking the 50th anniversary of the unification of the UAE, an alliance of seven emirates.
  • Unlike the two other Mars ventures scheduled for this year, it will not land on the planet, but instead orbit it for a whole Martian year, or 687 days.

Objective of Hope:

  • Provide a comprehensive image of the weather dynamics in the red planet's atmosphere.
  • Foundation for a much bigger goal -- building a human settlement on Mars within the next 100 years.
  • Serve as a source of inspiration for Arab youth.
  • The UAE's government declared the probe launch a "message of pride, hope and peace to the Arab region, in which we renew the golden age of Arab and Islamic discoveries.

Reference: https://www.thehindu.com/news/international/united-arab-emirates-launches-mission-to-mars/article32134241.ece